Iron (III) acetylacetonate (Fe (acac)) in the presence of triethanolamine (TEOA) was utilized as a novel crosslinking agent for halogenated diene rubber. Following the assumption that the mechanism of the crosslinking bases on the Heck-type reaction mechanism, which requires the presence of a halogen and an unsaturated carbon-carbon double bond, chloroprene rubber (CR) and brominated butyl rubber (BIIR) were utilized as rubber matrices. The results of FTIR spectra analysis confirm the proposed mechanism and indicate that a Heck-type reaction is feasible for performing a crosslinking of halogenated diene rubbers. The use of the Fe (acac)/TEOA curing system results in a significant torque increase during the vulcanization, which confirms the high activity of those compounds. The elimination of halogen from a rubber macromolecular structure or elimination of a basic environment of the crosslinking reaction results in a deactivation of the new curing system.
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2020|
- Brominated butyl rubber
- Chloroprene rubber
- Heck-type reaction