Reactions and polymerizations at the liquid-liquid interface

Keti Piradashvili, Evandro M. Alexandrino, Frederik R. Wurm*, Katharina Landfester*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reactions and polymerizations at the interface of two immiscible liquids are reviewed. The confinement of two reactants at the interface to form a new product can be advantageous in terms of improved reaction kinetics, higher yields, and selectivity. The presence of the liquid-liquid interface can accelerate the reaction, or a phase-transfer catalyst is employed to draw the reaction in one phase of choice. Furthermore, the use of immiscible systems, e.g., in emulsions, offers an easy means of efficient product separation and heat dissipation. A general overview on low molecular weight organic chemistry is given, and the applications of heterophase polymerization, occurring at or in proximity of the interface, (mostly) in emulsions are presented. This strategy can be used for the efficient production of nano- and microcarriers for various applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2141-2169
Number of pages29
JournalChemical reviews
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

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