Reactivity of fly ash: extension and application of a shrinking core model

Jos Brouwers, R.J. van Eijk

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    In the present paper a theoretical study is presented on the dissolution (reaction) of pulverised powder coal fly ash. A shrinking core model is derived for hollow spheres that contain two regions (outer hull and inner region). The resulting analytical equations are applied to the dissolution experiments by Pietersen [1, 2], yielding reaction rates at various temperatures and pH for two class F fly ashes, that are separated in solid spheres and in hollow cenospheres. It is revealed that the available amount of reactive fly ash is proportional to the glass content of the fly ash, and that the reaction rate is proportional to this glass content as well. Moreover, it is concluded that the outer region is less reactive than the inner region, and that these reactivities are proportional to a power of the hydroxyl concentration. Subsequently, experimental data and model are used to assess the magnitude of inner and outer region. It seems that the outer hull of solid spheres and cenospheres are having the same thickness, about 2 μm.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)106-113
    JournalConcrete science and engineering
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


    • METIS-207179
    • IR-67249

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