Real-Time Feedback Based on Nonverbal Behaviour to Enhance Social Dynamics in Small Group Meetings

Olga Anatoliyivna Kulyk, Jimmy Wang, Jacques Terken

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    We present a service providing real-time feedback to participants of small group meetings on the social dynamics of the meeting. The service visualizes non-verbal properties of people’s behaviour that are relevant to the social dynamics: speaking time and gaze behaviour. The service was evaluated in two studies, in order to test whether the feedback influences the participants’ visual attention and speaking time and enhances the satisfaction with the group interaction process. In a qualitative evaluation it was found thatgroups in general perceive the social feedback during the meeting as a useful and positive experience, which makes them aware of their group dynamics. In a second study, aiming at a more quantitative analysis, we obtained preliminary evidence that the feedback service affected participants’ behaviour and resulted in more balanced participation and gaze behaviour. We conclude that services providing automatic feedback about relatively low-level behavioural characteristics can enable groups to adjust the social dynamics in group meetings.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationSecond International Workshop, MLMI 2005
    EditorsSteve Renals, Samy Bengio
    Place of PublicationBerlin
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Print)978-3-540-32549-9
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
    PublisherSpringer Verlag


    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP6/506909
    • EWI-11266
    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • IR-61969
    • METIS-248230

    Cite this

    Kulyk, O. A., Wang, J., & Terken, J. (2006). Real-Time Feedback Based on Nonverbal Behaviour to Enhance Social Dynamics in Small Group Meetings. In S. Renals, & S. Bengio (Eds.), Second International Workshop, MLMI 2005 (pp. 150-161). [10.1007/11677482] (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 3869, No. 10/3869). Berlin: Springer.,