Needle insertion is one of the most commonly performed minimally invasive procedures. Visualization of the needle during insertion is key for either successful diagnosis or therapy. This work presents the real-time three-dimensional tracking of flexible needles during insertion into a soft-tissue simulant using a two-dimensional ultrasound transducer. The transducer is placed perpendicular to the needle tip to measure its position. During insertion the transducer is robotically repositioned to track the needle tip. Positioning of the transducer is accomplished via an estimator, that uses the needle insertion velocity corrected by needle tip velocities to estimate out-of-plane motion. Experiments are performed to validate the needle tip pose during tracking. The maximum mean errors in needle tip position along the x-, y- and z-axes are 0.64 mm, 0.25 mm and 0.27 mm, respectively. The error in tip orientations about the y- and z-axes are 2.68 degree and 2.83 degree, respectively. This study demonstrates the feasibility to use needle tip pose feedback to robotically steer needles, and thereby improve accuracy of medical procedures.
|Publisher||IEEE Robotics and Automation Society|
|Conference||2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013|
|Period||6/05/13 → 10/05/13|
- Medical robotics and systems