Rear end collision: Causes and avoidance techniques

Maziar Nekovee, Jing Bie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rear-end collision is one of the most frequent accidents occurring on roadways. This chapter investigates how vehicle’s local parameters in a platoon of cars (i.e., perception and information collection, vehicle speed, safe distance, braking parameters) affect the global behavior of the traffic system in terms of rear-end collision avoidance (CA). In fact, microscopic car following models capture the tactical maneuvering decisions of drivers, in order to maintain a safe distance and avoid collision with the lead vehicles. Furthermore, the chapter describes how vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) wireless communication networks can be used in preventing rear-end collisions. Finally, as an example, the design and evaluation of an adaptive inter-vehicle CA communication protocol is provided. This protocol is capable of maintaining high reliability and efficiency in the face of large variations in vehicular traffic and wireless network conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWireless Vehicular Networks for Car Collision Avoidance
EditorsRola Naja
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherSpringer
Pages99-119
ISBN (Print)978-1-4419-9562-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

Name
PublisherSpringer

Keywords

  • IR-87431
  • METIS-289212

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