Recipient design in tacit communication

Sarah E. Newman-Norlund, Matthijs Leendert Noordzij, Roger D. Newman-Norlund, Inge A.C. Volman, Jan Peter de Ruiter, Peter Hagoort, Ivan Toni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to design tailored messages for specific listeners is an important aspect of human communication. The present study investigates whether a mere belief about an addressee’s identity influences the generation and production of a communicative message in a novel, non-verbal communication task. Participants were made to believe they were playing a game with a child or an adult partner, while a confederate acted as both child and adult partners with matched performance and response times. The participants’ belief influenced their behavior, spending longer when interacting with the presumed child addressee, but only during communicative portions of the game, i.e. using time as a tool to place emphasis on target information. This communicative adaptation attenuated with experience, and it was related to personality traits, namely Empathy and Need for Cognition measures. Overall, these findings indicate that novel nonverbal communicative interactions are selected according to a socio-centric perspective, and they are strongly influenced by participants’ traits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages8
JournalCognition
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

recipient
Communication
communication
non-verbal communication
Aptitude
personality traits
empathy
listener
Cognition
Reaction Time
Personality
cognition
ability
interaction
performance
Recipient
experience
time
Addressee
Listeners

Keywords

  • IR-73363
  • METIS-260574
  • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP6/003747

Cite this

Newman-Norlund, S. E., Noordzij, M. L., Newman-Norlund, R. D., Volman, I. A. C., de Ruiter, J. P., Hagoort, P., & Toni, I. (2009). Recipient design in tacit communication. Cognition, 111(1), 46-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.12.004
Newman-Norlund, Sarah E. ; Noordzij, Matthijs Leendert ; Newman-Norlund, Roger D. ; Volman, Inge A.C. ; de Ruiter, Jan Peter ; Hagoort, Peter ; Toni, Ivan. / Recipient design in tacit communication. In: Cognition. 2009 ; Vol. 111, No. 1. pp. 46-54.
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Newman-Norlund, SE, Noordzij, ML, Newman-Norlund, RD, Volman, IAC, de Ruiter, JP, Hagoort, P & Toni, I 2009, 'Recipient design in tacit communication' Cognition, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 46-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.12.004

Recipient design in tacit communication. / Newman-Norlund, Sarah E.; Noordzij, Matthijs Leendert; Newman-Norlund, Roger D.; Volman, Inge A.C.; de Ruiter, Jan Peter; Hagoort, Peter; Toni, Ivan.

In: Cognition, Vol. 111, No. 1, 2009, p. 46-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Toni, Ivan

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Newman-Norlund SE, Noordzij ML, Newman-Norlund RD, Volman IAC, de Ruiter JP, Hagoort P et al. Recipient design in tacit communication. Cognition. 2009;111(1):46-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.12.004