Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action

Keith L. Kline, Siwa Msangi, Virginia H. Dale, Jeremy Woods, Glaucia M. Souza, Patricia Osseweijer, Joy S. Clancy, Jorge A. Hilbert, Francis X. Johnson, Patrick C. McDonnell, Harriet K. Mugera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
57 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Understanding the complex interactions among food security, bioenergy sustainability, and resource management requires a focus on specific contextual problems and opportunities. The United Nations’ 2030 Sustainable Development Goals place a high priority on food and energy security; bioenergy plays an important role in achieving both goals. Effective food security programs begin by clearly defining the problem and asking, ‘What can be done to assist people at high risk?’ Simplistic global analyses, headlines, and cartoons that blame biofuels for food insecurity may reflect good intentions but mislead the public and policymakers because they obscure the main drivers of local food insecurity and ignore opportunities for bioenergy to contribute to solutions. Applying sustainability guidelines to bioenergy will help achieve near- and long-term goals to eradicate hunger. Priorities for achieving successful synergies between bioenergy and food security include the following: (1) clarifying communications with clear and consistent terms, (2) recognizing that food and bioenergy need not compete for land and, instead, should be integrated to improve resource management, (3) investing in technology, rural extension, and innovations to build capacity and infrastructure, (4) promoting stable prices that incentivize local production, (5) adopting flex crops that can provide food along with other products and services to society, and (6) engaging stakeholders to identify and assess specific opportunities for biofuels to improve food security. Systematic monitoring and analysis to support adaptive management and continual improvement are essential elements to build synergies and help society equitably meet growing demands for both food and energy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-576
JournalGlobal change biology bioenergy
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Fingerprint

bioenergy
food security
food
natural resource management
biofuels
biofuel
resource management
Sustainable development
sustainability
Biofuels
United Nations
hunger
adaptive management
energy
communication (human)
sustainable development
infrastructure
stakeholders
stakeholder
innovation

Keywords

  • METIS-316972
  • IR-100471

Cite this

Kline, K. L., Msangi, S., Dale, V. H., Woods, J., Souza, G. M., Osseweijer, P., ... Mugera, H. K. (2017). Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action. Global change biology bioenergy, 9(3), 557-576. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12366
Kline, Keith L. ; Msangi, Siwa ; Dale, Virginia H. ; Woods, Jeremy ; Souza, Glaucia M. ; Osseweijer, Patricia ; Clancy, Joy S. ; Hilbert, Jorge A. ; Johnson, Francis X. ; McDonnell, Patrick C. ; Mugera, Harriet K. / Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action. In: Global change biology bioenergy. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 557-576.
@article{9315168687ec453fbfcc0a7b6e115b72,
title = "Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action",
abstract = "Understanding the complex interactions among food security, bioenergy sustainability, and resource management requires a focus on specific contextual problems and opportunities. The United Nations’ 2030 Sustainable Development Goals place a high priority on food and energy security; bioenergy plays an important role in achieving both goals. Effective food security programs begin by clearly defining the problem and asking, ‘What can be done to assist people at high risk?’ Simplistic global analyses, headlines, and cartoons that blame biofuels for food insecurity may reflect good intentions but mislead the public and policymakers because they obscure the main drivers of local food insecurity and ignore opportunities for bioenergy to contribute to solutions. Applying sustainability guidelines to bioenergy will help achieve near- and long-term goals to eradicate hunger. Priorities for achieving successful synergies between bioenergy and food security include the following: (1) clarifying communications with clear and consistent terms, (2) recognizing that food and bioenergy need not compete for land and, instead, should be integrated to improve resource management, (3) investing in technology, rural extension, and innovations to build capacity and infrastructure, (4) promoting stable prices that incentivize local production, (5) adopting flex crops that can provide food along with other products and services to society, and (6) engaging stakeholders to identify and assess specific opportunities for biofuels to improve food security. Systematic monitoring and analysis to support adaptive management and continual improvement are essential elements to build synergies and help society equitably meet growing demands for both food and energy.",
keywords = "METIS-316972, IR-100471",
author = "Kline, {Keith L.} and Siwa Msangi and Dale, {Virginia H.} and Jeremy Woods and Souza, {Glaucia M.} and Patricia Osseweijer and Clancy, {Joy S.} and Hilbert, {Jorge A.} and Johnson, {Francis X.} and McDonnell, {Patrick C.} and Mugera, {Harriet K.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/gcbb.12366",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "557--576",
journal = "Global change biology bioenergy",
issn = "1757-1693",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "3",

}

Kline, KL, Msangi, S, Dale, VH, Woods, J, Souza, GM, Osseweijer, P, Clancy, JS, Hilbert, JA, Johnson, FX, McDonnell, PC & Mugera, HK 2017, 'Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action' Global change biology bioenergy, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 557-576. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12366

Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action. / Kline, Keith L.; Msangi, Siwa; Dale, Virginia H.; Woods, Jeremy; Souza, Glaucia M.; Osseweijer, Patricia; Clancy, Joy S.; Hilbert, Jorge A.; Johnson, Francis X.; McDonnell, Patrick C.; Mugera, Harriet K.

In: Global change biology bioenergy, Vol. 9, No. 3, 03.2017, p. 557-576.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action

AU - Kline, Keith L.

AU - Msangi, Siwa

AU - Dale, Virginia H.

AU - Woods, Jeremy

AU - Souza, Glaucia M.

AU - Osseweijer, Patricia

AU - Clancy, Joy S.

AU - Hilbert, Jorge A.

AU - Johnson, Francis X.

AU - McDonnell, Patrick C.

AU - Mugera, Harriet K.

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - Understanding the complex interactions among food security, bioenergy sustainability, and resource management requires a focus on specific contextual problems and opportunities. The United Nations’ 2030 Sustainable Development Goals place a high priority on food and energy security; bioenergy plays an important role in achieving both goals. Effective food security programs begin by clearly defining the problem and asking, ‘What can be done to assist people at high risk?’ Simplistic global analyses, headlines, and cartoons that blame biofuels for food insecurity may reflect good intentions but mislead the public and policymakers because they obscure the main drivers of local food insecurity and ignore opportunities for bioenergy to contribute to solutions. Applying sustainability guidelines to bioenergy will help achieve near- and long-term goals to eradicate hunger. Priorities for achieving successful synergies between bioenergy and food security include the following: (1) clarifying communications with clear and consistent terms, (2) recognizing that food and bioenergy need not compete for land and, instead, should be integrated to improve resource management, (3) investing in technology, rural extension, and innovations to build capacity and infrastructure, (4) promoting stable prices that incentivize local production, (5) adopting flex crops that can provide food along with other products and services to society, and (6) engaging stakeholders to identify and assess specific opportunities for biofuels to improve food security. Systematic monitoring and analysis to support adaptive management and continual improvement are essential elements to build synergies and help society equitably meet growing demands for both food and energy.

AB - Understanding the complex interactions among food security, bioenergy sustainability, and resource management requires a focus on specific contextual problems and opportunities. The United Nations’ 2030 Sustainable Development Goals place a high priority on food and energy security; bioenergy plays an important role in achieving both goals. Effective food security programs begin by clearly defining the problem and asking, ‘What can be done to assist people at high risk?’ Simplistic global analyses, headlines, and cartoons that blame biofuels for food insecurity may reflect good intentions but mislead the public and policymakers because they obscure the main drivers of local food insecurity and ignore opportunities for bioenergy to contribute to solutions. Applying sustainability guidelines to bioenergy will help achieve near- and long-term goals to eradicate hunger. Priorities for achieving successful synergies between bioenergy and food security include the following: (1) clarifying communications with clear and consistent terms, (2) recognizing that food and bioenergy need not compete for land and, instead, should be integrated to improve resource management, (3) investing in technology, rural extension, and innovations to build capacity and infrastructure, (4) promoting stable prices that incentivize local production, (5) adopting flex crops that can provide food along with other products and services to society, and (6) engaging stakeholders to identify and assess specific opportunities for biofuels to improve food security. Systematic monitoring and analysis to support adaptive management and continual improvement are essential elements to build synergies and help society equitably meet growing demands for both food and energy.

KW - METIS-316972

KW - IR-100471

U2 - 10.1111/gcbb.12366

DO - 10.1111/gcbb.12366

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 557

EP - 576

JO - Global change biology bioenergy

JF - Global change biology bioenergy

SN - 1757-1693

IS - 3

ER -

Kline KL, Msangi S, Dale VH, Woods J, Souza GM, Osseweijer P et al. Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action. Global change biology bioenergy. 2017 Mar;9(3):557-576. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12366