Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

With the worldwide growing interest in the recycling of valuable materials, the need to find viable options for the re-use of vulcanized rubber articles is becoming more and more pressing. De-vulcanization needs to be discerned from reclaiming, where in the first case the aim is to primarily break crosslinks of the vulcanized rubber network, versus random scission of crosslinks and main polymer chains in the latter case. The first aims to obtain the best properties after renewed vulcanization. The present chapter starts with a description of an analytical technique to quantify the ratio between crosslink scission and main chain breakage, developed by Verbruggen et al. and based on the original work by Horikx. The de-vulcanization possibilities of various elastomers are further detailed including de-vulcanization of styrene-butadiene-(SBR)-based rubbers, polybutadiene (BR) rubbers, natural rubber (NR), chlorinated butyl rubber (CIIR) and ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) rubber. All elastomers require their own specific de-vulcanization additives and conditions, which need fine-tuning on a case-by-case basis for all the various products.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRubber Recycling
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Developments
EditorsJin Kuk Kim, Prosenjit Saha, Sabu Thomas, Józef T. Haponiuk, M.K. Aswathi
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Chapter8
Pages186-232
Number of pages47
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-78801-348-2, 978-1-78801-544-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-78801-084-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameRSC Green Chemistry
PublisherRSC
Number59
ISSN (Print)1757-7039
ISSN (Electronic)1757-7047

Fingerprint

Vulcanization
Rubber
Recycling
rubber
recycling
Elastomers
Styrene
Polymers
Polybutadienes
Tuning
breakage
rubber waste
Butadiene
ethylene
Propylene
analytical method
Ethylene
polymer
vulcanisation

Cite this

Saiwari, S., Dierkes, W. K., & Noordermeer, J. W. M. (2019). Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers. In J. K. Kim, P. Saha, S. Thomas, J. T. Haponiuk, & M. K. Aswathi (Eds.), Rubber Recycling: Challenges and Developments (pp. 186-232). (RSC Green Chemistry; No. 59). Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781788013482-00186
Saiwari, S. ; Dierkes, W.K. ; Noordermeer, J.W.M. / Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers. Rubber Recycling: Challenges and Developments. editor / Jin Kuk Kim ; Prosenjit Saha ; Sabu Thomas ; Józef T. Haponiuk ; M.K. Aswathi. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019. pp. 186-232 (RSC Green Chemistry; 59).
@inbook{126adb6c1bd44a9996cf5e1eb01ad548,
title = "Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers",
abstract = "With the worldwide growing interest in the recycling of valuable materials, the need to find viable options for the re-use of vulcanized rubber articles is becoming more and more pressing. De-vulcanization needs to be discerned from reclaiming, where in the first case the aim is to primarily break crosslinks of the vulcanized rubber network, versus random scission of crosslinks and main polymer chains in the latter case. The first aims to obtain the best properties after renewed vulcanization. The present chapter starts with a description of an analytical technique to quantify the ratio between crosslink scission and main chain breakage, developed by Verbruggen et al. and based on the original work by Horikx. The de-vulcanization possibilities of various elastomers are further detailed including de-vulcanization of styrene-butadiene-(SBR)-based rubbers, polybutadiene (BR) rubbers, natural rubber (NR), chlorinated butyl rubber (CIIR) and ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) rubber. All elastomers require their own specific de-vulcanization additives and conditions, which need fine-tuning on a case-by-case basis for all the various products.",
author = "S. Saiwari and W.K. Dierkes and J.W.M. Noordermeer",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1039/9781788013482-00186",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-78801-084-9",
series = "RSC Green Chemistry",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "59",
pages = "186--232",
editor = "Kim, {Jin Kuk} and Prosenjit Saha and Sabu Thomas and Haponiuk, {J{\'o}zef T.} and M.K. Aswathi",
booktitle = "Rubber Recycling",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

Saiwari, S, Dierkes, WK & Noordermeer, JWM 2019, Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers. in JK Kim, P Saha, S Thomas, JT Haponiuk & MK Aswathi (eds), Rubber Recycling: Challenges and Developments. RSC Green Chemistry, no. 59, Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 186-232. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781788013482-00186

Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers. / Saiwari, S.; Dierkes, W.K.; Noordermeer, J.W.M.

Rubber Recycling: Challenges and Developments. ed. / Jin Kuk Kim; Prosenjit Saha; Sabu Thomas; Józef T. Haponiuk; M.K. Aswathi. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019. p. 186-232 (RSC Green Chemistry; No. 59).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers

AU - Saiwari, S.

AU - Dierkes, W.K.

AU - Noordermeer, J.W.M.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - With the worldwide growing interest in the recycling of valuable materials, the need to find viable options for the re-use of vulcanized rubber articles is becoming more and more pressing. De-vulcanization needs to be discerned from reclaiming, where in the first case the aim is to primarily break crosslinks of the vulcanized rubber network, versus random scission of crosslinks and main polymer chains in the latter case. The first aims to obtain the best properties after renewed vulcanization. The present chapter starts with a description of an analytical technique to quantify the ratio between crosslink scission and main chain breakage, developed by Verbruggen et al. and based on the original work by Horikx. The de-vulcanization possibilities of various elastomers are further detailed including de-vulcanization of styrene-butadiene-(SBR)-based rubbers, polybutadiene (BR) rubbers, natural rubber (NR), chlorinated butyl rubber (CIIR) and ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) rubber. All elastomers require their own specific de-vulcanization additives and conditions, which need fine-tuning on a case-by-case basis for all the various products.

AB - With the worldwide growing interest in the recycling of valuable materials, the need to find viable options for the re-use of vulcanized rubber articles is becoming more and more pressing. De-vulcanization needs to be discerned from reclaiming, where in the first case the aim is to primarily break crosslinks of the vulcanized rubber network, versus random scission of crosslinks and main polymer chains in the latter case. The first aims to obtain the best properties after renewed vulcanization. The present chapter starts with a description of an analytical technique to quantify the ratio between crosslink scission and main chain breakage, developed by Verbruggen et al. and based on the original work by Horikx. The de-vulcanization possibilities of various elastomers are further detailed including de-vulcanization of styrene-butadiene-(SBR)-based rubbers, polybutadiene (BR) rubbers, natural rubber (NR), chlorinated butyl rubber (CIIR) and ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) rubber. All elastomers require their own specific de-vulcanization additives and conditions, which need fine-tuning on a case-by-case basis for all the various products.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056595634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/9781788013482-00186

DO - 10.1039/9781788013482-00186

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-1-78801-084-9

T3 - RSC Green Chemistry

SP - 186

EP - 232

BT - Rubber Recycling

A2 - Kim, Jin Kuk

A2 - Saha, Prosenjit

A2 - Thomas, Sabu

A2 - Haponiuk, Józef T.

A2 - Aswathi, M.K.

PB - Royal Society of Chemistry

ER -

Saiwari S, Dierkes WK, Noordermeer JWM. Recycling of Individual Waste Rubbers. In Kim JK, Saha P, Thomas S, Haponiuk JT, Aswathi MK, editors, Rubber Recycling: Challenges and Developments. Royal Society of Chemistry. 2019. p. 186-232. (RSC Green Chemistry; 59). https://doi.org/10.1039/9781788013482-00186