Redeposition-Free Deep Etching in Small KY(WO4)2 Samples

Simen Martinussen*, Raimond N. Frentrop, Meindert Dijkstra, Sonia Garcia-blanco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
145 Downloads (Pure)


KY(WO4)2 is a promising material for on-chip laser sources. Deep etching of small KY(WO4)2 samples in combination with various thin film deposition techniques is desirable for the manufacturing of such devices. There are, however, several difficulties that need to be overcome before deep etching of KY(WO4)2 can be realized in small samples in a reproducible manner. In this paper, we address the problems of (i) edge bead formation when using thick resist on small samples, (ii) sample damage during lithography mask touchdown, (iii) resist reticulation during prolonged argon-based inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICP-RIE), and (iv) redeposited material on the feature sidewalls. We demonstrate the etching of 6.5 µm deep features and the removal of redeposited material using a wet etch procedure. This process will enable the realization of waveguides both in ion-irradiated KY(WO4)2 as well as thin KY(WO4)2 membranes transferred onto glass substrate by bonding and subsequent polishing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1033
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2020


  • Edge bead
  • Etching
  • Fabrication
  • Hard mask
  • Integrated optics
  • KY(WO )
  • KYW
  • Redeposition
  • Reticulation
  • Tungstate
  • hard mask
  • KY(WO4)(2)
  • UT-Gold-D


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