Reduced plasma fibrinolytic capacity as a potential risk factor for a first myocardial infarction in young men

Mirjam E. Meltzer, Catharina Jacoba Maria Doggen, Philip G. de Groot, Frits R. Rosendaal, Ton Lisman

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    Studies on the relationship between fibrinolysis and arterial thrombosis have been conflicting. Previously, we demonstrated that hypofibrinolysis, as measured by a plasma-based assay, increased the risk of venous thrombosis. The present study investigated increased clot lysis time (CLT) measured with the same assay as a risk factor for myocardial infarction in a case-control study including 421 men with a first myocardial infarction and 642 controls below 70 years. CLT was strongly associated with body-mass index, lipid levels, blood pressure and C-reactive protein. Overall, risk of myocardial infarction was 1·4-fold (95% confidence interval (CI) 1·0–1·9) increased for CLT in the fourth quartile (longest CLT) compared with the first quartile. After adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors this risk disappeared (OR 1·0, 95%CI 0·6–1·5). In men aged <50 years the association was pronounced (OR 3·2, 95%CI 1·5–6·7). After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors the risk was nearly twofold increased (OR 1·8, 95%CI 0·7–4·8). In men aged ≥50 years, no clear association between CLT and risk of myocardial infarction was found. Our study suggests that hypofibrinolysis increases the risk of a first myocardial infarction in young men, although the causality of this association remains to be determined
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)121-127
    Number of pages7
    JournalBritish journal of haematology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • METIS-257811
    • IR-76784

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