Reducing Contact Stress of the Surface by Modifying Different Hardness of Femoral Head and Cup in Hip Prosthesis

Eko Saputra*, Iwan Budiwan Anwar, J. Jamari, Emile van der Heide

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The wear of hip prosthesis due to applied load and sliding distance during the patient's daily activity cannot be avoided. Wear causes osteolysis or metallosis due to the wear debris produced by the wear process. Several methods were used to reduce wear in metal-on-metal hip prostheses. One of the efforts performed to reduce wear was the differential-hardness concept. Based on the literature, the fine surface roughness of the femoral head are the reason why the hip prosthesis with differential-hardness reduces wear. Besides, the differential-hardness will contribute to the difference of modulus elasticity then influenced the contact stress on the surface contact. According to Archard's wear law, wear on the material pair is affected by contact stress. Therefore, the analysis of contact stress on the hip prosthesis with differential-hardness is important to investigate. The investigation performed by the static contact of two-dimensional axisymmetric with frictionless by using finite element simulation. The simulated models are the alumina vs. alumina, alumina vs. SS316L, CoCr vs. CoCr, CoCr vs. SS316L, and SS316L vs. UHMWPE. The purpose of this study is to determine the contact stress on the surface contact due to differential-hardness of the femoral head and cup. The results of simulations show that the differential-hardness marked by differences in the modulus of elasticity can reduce the contact stress on the surface contact if compare with the similar hardness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number631940
JournalFrontiers in Mechanical Engineering
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2021

Keywords

  • alumina
  • contact stress
  • differential-hardness
  • finite element simulation
  • hip prosthesis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Reducing Contact Stress of the Surface by Modifying Different Hardness of Femoral Head and Cup in Hip Prosthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this