Reducing Electronic Transport Dimension to Topological Hinge States by Increasing Geometry Size of Dirac Semimetal Josephson Junctions

Cai Zhen Li, An Qi Wang, Chuan Li*, Wen Zhuang Zheng, Alexander Brinkman, Da Peng Yu, Zhi Min Liao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The notion of topological phases has been extended to higher-order and has been generalized to different dimensions. As a paradigm, Cd3As2 is predicted to be a higher-order topological semimetal, possessing three-dimensional bulk Dirac fermions, two-dimensional Fermi arcs, and one-dimensional hinge states. These topological states have different characteristic length scales in electronic transport, allowing one to distinguish their properties when changing sample size. Here, we report an anomalous dimensional reduction of supercurrent transport by increasing the size of Dirac semimetal Cd3As2-based Josephson junctions. An evolution of the supercurrent quantum interferences from a standard Fraunhofer pattern to a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID)-like one is observed when the junction channel length is increased. The SQUID-like interference pattern indicates the supercurrent flowing through the 1D hinges. The identification of 1D hinge states should be valuable for deeper understanding of the higher-order topological phase in a 3D Dirac semimetal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number156601
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume124
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2020

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