Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Direct Load Control (DLC) is an effective instrument for achieving a guaranteed load curtailment. Unfortunately, if a customer considers that personal discomfort outweighs money savings after DLC shutting down of home appliances, DLC solution can be rejected. This paper proposes the way to remediate customer comfort concerns by pre-storing additional energy in electric loads before their disconnection from the grid. We take electric tank water heaters as an illustrative example of residential loads with storage. To illuminate our approach we first show how to balance electric consumption for pre-storing with user thermal discomfort for a single water heater. Then, we illustrate how the approach can be scaled-up to a multiple-boiler scenario, when ten remotely controlled boilers act next to fifty non-controlled boilers. The simulations for the latter case show that the expected user thermal discomfort can be significantly reduced at the cost of a reasonable increase of electricity demand preceding DLC event.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015)
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-1237-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2015
Event2015 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia, ISGT ASIA 2015 - Centara Grand and Bangkok Convention Center, Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 3 Nov 20156 Nov 2015

Publication series

NameIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISSN (Print)1949-3053

Conference

Conference2015 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia, ISGT ASIA 2015
Abbreviated titleISGT ASIA
CountryThailand
CityBangkok
Period3/11/156/11/15

Keywords

  • Terms—Power system management
  • EWI-26715
  • SCS-Cybersecurity
  • Control Systems
  • IR-99193
  • Power system management
  • Power system stability
  • Optimal Control
  • METIS-315538
  • Power demand

Cite this

Belov, A., Vasenev, A., Havinga, P. J. M., Meratnia, N., & van der Zwaag, B. J. (2015). Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters. In Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015) (pp. 1-6). (IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid). USA: IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2015.7387131
Belov, A. ; Vasenev, Alexandr ; Havinga, Paul J.M. ; Meratnia, Nirvana ; van der Zwaag, B.J. / Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters. Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015). USA : IEEE Computer Society, 2015. pp. 1-6 (IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid).
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title = "Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters",
abstract = "Direct Load Control (DLC) is an effective instrument for achieving a guaranteed load curtailment. Unfortunately, if a customer considers that personal discomfort outweighs money savings after DLC shutting down of home appliances, DLC solution can be rejected. This paper proposes the way to remediate customer comfort concerns by pre-storing additional energy in electric loads before their disconnection from the grid. We take electric tank water heaters as an illustrative example of residential loads with storage. To illuminate our approach we first show how to balance electric consumption for pre-storing with user thermal discomfort for a single water heater. Then, we illustrate how the approach can be scaled-up to a multiple-boiler scenario, when ten remotely controlled boilers act next to fifty non-controlled boilers. The simulations for the latter case show that the expected user thermal discomfort can be significantly reduced at the cost of a reasonable increase of electricity demand preceding DLC event.",
keywords = "Terms—Power system management, EWI-26715, SCS-Cybersecurity, Control Systems, IR-99193, Power system management, Power system stability, Optimal Control, METIS-315538, Power demand",
author = "A. Belov and Alexandr Vasenev and Havinga, {Paul J.M.} and Nirvana Meratnia and {van der Zwaag}, B.J.",
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year = "2015",
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Belov, A, Vasenev, A, Havinga, PJM, Meratnia, N & van der Zwaag, BJ 2015, Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters. in Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015). IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, IEEE Computer Society, USA, pp. 1-6, 2015 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia, ISGT ASIA 2015, Bangkok, Thailand, 3/11/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2015.7387131

Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters. / Belov, A.; Vasenev, Alexandr; Havinga, Paul J.M.; Meratnia, Nirvana; van der Zwaag, B.J.

Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015). USA : IEEE Computer Society, 2015. p. 1-6 (IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Belov, A.

AU - Vasenev, Alexandr

AU - Havinga, Paul J.M.

AU - Meratnia, Nirvana

AU - van der Zwaag, B.J.

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PY - 2015/11/6

Y1 - 2015/11/6

N2 - Direct Load Control (DLC) is an effective instrument for achieving a guaranteed load curtailment. Unfortunately, if a customer considers that personal discomfort outweighs money savings after DLC shutting down of home appliances, DLC solution can be rejected. This paper proposes the way to remediate customer comfort concerns by pre-storing additional energy in electric loads before their disconnection from the grid. We take electric tank water heaters as an illustrative example of residential loads with storage. To illuminate our approach we first show how to balance electric consumption for pre-storing with user thermal discomfort for a single water heater. Then, we illustrate how the approach can be scaled-up to a multiple-boiler scenario, when ten remotely controlled boilers act next to fifty non-controlled boilers. The simulations for the latter case show that the expected user thermal discomfort can be significantly reduced at the cost of a reasonable increase of electricity demand preceding DLC event.

AB - Direct Load Control (DLC) is an effective instrument for achieving a guaranteed load curtailment. Unfortunately, if a customer considers that personal discomfort outweighs money savings after DLC shutting down of home appliances, DLC solution can be rejected. This paper proposes the way to remediate customer comfort concerns by pre-storing additional energy in electric loads before their disconnection from the grid. We take electric tank water heaters as an illustrative example of residential loads with storage. To illuminate our approach we first show how to balance electric consumption for pre-storing with user thermal discomfort for a single water heater. Then, we illustrate how the approach can be scaled-up to a multiple-boiler scenario, when ten remotely controlled boilers act next to fifty non-controlled boilers. The simulations for the latter case show that the expected user thermal discomfort can be significantly reduced at the cost of a reasonable increase of electricity demand preceding DLC event.

KW - Terms—Power system management

KW - EWI-26715

KW - SCS-Cybersecurity

KW - Control Systems

KW - IR-99193

KW - Power system management

KW - Power system stability

KW - Optimal Control

KW - METIS-315538

KW - Power demand

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DO - 10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2015.7387131

M3 - Conference contribution

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SP - 1

EP - 6

BT - Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015)

PB - IEEE Computer Society

CY - USA

ER -

Belov A, Vasenev A, Havinga PJM, Meratnia N, van der Zwaag BJ. Reducing user discomfort in direct load control of domestic water heaters. In Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA 2015). USA: IEEE Computer Society. 2015. p. 1-6. (IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid). https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2015.7387131