Reducing work-family conflict through different sources of social support

G. van Daalen, Geertje van Daalen, Tineke M. Willemsen, Karin Sanders

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The present study examines the relationship between four sources of social support (i.e., spouse, relatives and friends, supervisor, and colleagues) and time and strain-based work-to-family and family-to-work conflict among 444 dual-earners. Gender differences with respect to the relationship between social support and work-family conflict were examined as well. The relationship between the sources of support and work�family conflict was tested using multiple regression analyses. Results showed that women reported more strain-based work-to-family conflict than men. Social support from spouse and from colleagues were related to family-to-work conflict, while none of the sources of social support were related to work-to-family conflict. Social support from supervisor and from colleagues were related differently to work-to-family conflict (time-based) and family-to-work conflict (strain-based) for men than for women. We conclude that social support is especially important in reducing family-to-work conflict.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)462-476
JournalJournal of vocational behavior
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Time and strain-based workâ��family conflict
  • Work and home domains
  • Work-to-family conflict
  • Family-to-work conflict
  • Social Support
  • IR-61662
  • Gender differences
  • METIS-234812

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