Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass

Roel Johannes Maria Westerhof

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

Abstract

Pyrolysis oil produced from biomass is a promising renewable alternative to crude oil. Such pyrolysis oil has transportation, storage, and processing benefits, none of which are offered by the bulky, inhomogeneous solid biomass from which it originates. However, pyrolysis oil has both a different composition to and different properties from crude oil. This makes its direct use in those applications and conversion processes originally developed for fossil feeds problematic. Improvement of the pyrolysis oil‘s quality is essential to accelerate the development and implementation of pyrolysis technology and its commercial exploitation. Despite the many studies on pyrolysis, the understanding of the chemical reactions and physical processes occurring in a pyrolysis reactor and in a biomass particle undergoing fast pyrolysis remains limited. The same holds for the knowledge on ways of optimizing the operating conditions and modus operandi, so as to improve both the pyrolysis oil‘s quality and yield. This thesis provide clarification in these two areas.
LanguageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Kersten, Sascha R.A., Supervisor
  • van Swaaij, Willibrordus Petrus Maria, Supervisor
  • Brilman, Derk Willem Frederik, Advisor
Award date9 Dec 2011
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-94-6191-124-7
StatePublished - 9 Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Refining
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Crude oil
Chemical reactions
Oils
Processing
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • IR-78777
  • METIS-280953

Cite this

Westerhof, R. J. M. (2011). Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass Enschede: University of Twente
Westerhof, Roel Johannes Maria. / Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass. Enschede : University of Twente, 2011. 210 p.
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Westerhof, RJM 2011, 'Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass', University of Twente, Enschede.

Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass. / Westerhof, Roel Johannes Maria.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2011. 210 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

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T1 - Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass

AU - Westerhof,Roel Johannes Maria

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N2 - Pyrolysis oil produced from biomass is a promising renewable alternative to crude oil. Such pyrolysis oil has transportation, storage, and processing benefits, none of which are offered by the bulky, inhomogeneous solid biomass from which it originates. However, pyrolysis oil has both a different composition to and different properties from crude oil. This makes its direct use in those applications and conversion processes originally developed for fossil feeds problematic. Improvement of the pyrolysis oil‘s quality is essential to accelerate the development and implementation of pyrolysis technology and its commercial exploitation. Despite the many studies on pyrolysis, the understanding of the chemical reactions and physical processes occurring in a pyrolysis reactor and in a biomass particle undergoing fast pyrolysis remains limited. The same holds for the knowledge on ways of optimizing the operating conditions and modus operandi, so as to improve both the pyrolysis oil‘s quality and yield. This thesis provide clarification in these two areas.

AB - Pyrolysis oil produced from biomass is a promising renewable alternative to crude oil. Such pyrolysis oil has transportation, storage, and processing benefits, none of which are offered by the bulky, inhomogeneous solid biomass from which it originates. However, pyrolysis oil has both a different composition to and different properties from crude oil. This makes its direct use in those applications and conversion processes originally developed for fossil feeds problematic. Improvement of the pyrolysis oil‘s quality is essential to accelerate the development and implementation of pyrolysis technology and its commercial exploitation. Despite the many studies on pyrolysis, the understanding of the chemical reactions and physical processes occurring in a pyrolysis reactor and in a biomass particle undergoing fast pyrolysis remains limited. The same holds for the knowledge on ways of optimizing the operating conditions and modus operandi, so as to improve both the pyrolysis oil‘s quality and yield. This thesis provide clarification in these two areas.

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Westerhof RJM. Refining fast pyrolysis of biomass. Enschede: University of Twente, 2011. 210 p.