Reflectivity and surface roughness of multilayer-coated substrate recovery layers for EUV lithographic optics

Ileana Nedelcu*, Robbert W.E. van de Kruijs, Andrey E. Yakshin, Gisela von Blanckenhagen, Fred Bijkerk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
258 Downloads (Pure)


We investigated the use of separation, or substrate recovery, layers (SRLs), to enable the reuse of optical substrates after the deposition of multilayer reflective coatings, in particular Mo/Si multilayers as used for EUV lithography. An organic material (polyimide), known from other work to reduce the roughness of the substrate, was applied to the optical substrate. It appeared to be possible to remove the multilayer coating, including the SRL, without any damage or roughening of the substrate surface. The SRL was spin-coated at 1500to6000rpm on different substrate types (Si, quartz, Zerodur) with diameters up to 100mm. For this range of parameters, the multilayer centroid wavelength value remained unchanged, and its reflectivity loss on applying the SRL was limited typically to 0.7%. The latter was shown to be caused by a minor increase of the SRL surface roughness in the high-spatial-frequency domain. The roughness, characterized with an atomic force microscope, remained constant at 0.2nm during all stages of the substrate recovery process, independent of the initial substrate roughness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063801
JournalOptical engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • multilayer
  • roughness
  • spin coating
  • substrate recovery


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