This chapter explores effectiveness aspects of two governance arrangements that have been recently launched in the European Union (EU) to align nanotechnologies to requirements of the responsible research and innovation agenda. Emerging technologies do not materialise in a governance vacuum. Pre-market research, development and testing, for example, are subject to-at least in most jurisdictions-a myriad of governance requirements. This may include, for example, occupational health and safety (OH&S) requirements, compliance with certain industry/government standards, and general law obligations, such as the law of torts. Entry of the technology and/or its products onto to market will similarly attract, or trigger, a multitude of governance arrangements, which will include components of hard and soft regulation. It is the applicability and the effectiveness of these regimes for managing the uncertainties associated with the latest wave of emerging technologies that have been increasingly questioned in relation to emerging technologies [14-16].
|Title of host publication||Embedding New Technologies into Society|
|Subtitle of host publication||A Regulatory, Ethical and Societal Perspective|
|Editors||Diana M. Bowman, Elen Stokes, Arie Rip|
|Publisher||Pan Stanford Publishing|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|