Rehabilitation robotics : stimulating restoration of arm function after stroke

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UTAcademic

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Abstract

A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, is major cause of mortality or permanent disability. Stroke can be defined as a neurological deficit due to damage to the blood supply of the brain. A stroke causes a destruction of brain tissue in areas that are subjected to blood deprivation. This can result in a variety of sensory, motor, cognitive and psychological symptoms. A longer-term mechanism involved in neurological recovery is neural plasticity, meaning that brain activity and cortical representations of motor actions change during recovery. Processes involved in cortical reorganization can include activation of previously inactive neurons, facilitation of alternative networks, and collateral sprouting. These processes allow for the development of new paths for neural communication, to circumvent those that were damaged by the stroke.
Original languageUndefined
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Hermens, Hermanus J., Supervisor
  • Jannink, M.J.A., Advisor
  • IJzerman, Maarten J., Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date15 Oct 2009
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-2901-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2009

Keywords

  • BSS-Biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology
  • arm function after stroke
  • METIS-266940
  • Stroke
  • EWI-17224
  • stimulating restoration
  • IR-68217

Cite this

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title = "Rehabilitation robotics : stimulating restoration of arm function after stroke",
abstract = "A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, is major cause of mortality or permanent disability. Stroke can be defined as a neurological deficit due to damage to the blood supply of the brain. A stroke causes a destruction of brain tissue in areas that are subjected to blood deprivation. This can result in a variety of sensory, motor, cognitive and psychological symptoms. A longer-term mechanism involved in neurological recovery is neural plasticity, meaning that brain activity and cortical representations of motor actions change during recovery. Processes involved in cortical reorganization can include activation of previously inactive neurons, facilitation of alternative networks, and collateral sprouting. These processes allow for the development of new paths for neural communication, to circumvent those that were damaged by the stroke.",
keywords = "BSS-Biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology, arm function after stroke, METIS-266940, Stroke, EWI-17224, stimulating restoration, IR-68217",
author = "Prange, {Grada Berendina}",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
day = "15",
doi = "10.3990/1.9789036529013",
language = "Undefined",
isbn = "978-90-365-2901-3",
publisher = "University of Twente",
address = "Netherlands",
school = "University of Twente",

}

Rehabilitation robotics : stimulating restoration of arm function after stroke. / Prange, Grada Berendina.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2009. 167 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UTAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Rehabilitation robotics : stimulating restoration of arm function after stroke

AU - Prange, Grada Berendina

PY - 2009/10/15

Y1 - 2009/10/15

N2 - A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, is major cause of mortality or permanent disability. Stroke can be defined as a neurological deficit due to damage to the blood supply of the brain. A stroke causes a destruction of brain tissue in areas that are subjected to blood deprivation. This can result in a variety of sensory, motor, cognitive and psychological symptoms. A longer-term mechanism involved in neurological recovery is neural plasticity, meaning that brain activity and cortical representations of motor actions change during recovery. Processes involved in cortical reorganization can include activation of previously inactive neurons, facilitation of alternative networks, and collateral sprouting. These processes allow for the development of new paths for neural communication, to circumvent those that were damaged by the stroke.

AB - A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, is major cause of mortality or permanent disability. Stroke can be defined as a neurological deficit due to damage to the blood supply of the brain. A stroke causes a destruction of brain tissue in areas that are subjected to blood deprivation. This can result in a variety of sensory, motor, cognitive and psychological symptoms. A longer-term mechanism involved in neurological recovery is neural plasticity, meaning that brain activity and cortical representations of motor actions change during recovery. Processes involved in cortical reorganization can include activation of previously inactive neurons, facilitation of alternative networks, and collateral sprouting. These processes allow for the development of new paths for neural communication, to circumvent those that were damaged by the stroke.

KW - BSS-Biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology

KW - arm function after stroke

KW - METIS-266940

KW - Stroke

KW - EWI-17224

KW - stimulating restoration

KW - IR-68217

U2 - 10.3990/1.9789036529013

DO - 10.3990/1.9789036529013

M3 - PhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UT

SN - 978-90-365-2901-3

PB - University of Twente

CY - Enschede

ER -