Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix

Minna Poikelispaa, Amit Das, Wilma K. Dierkes, Jyrki Vuorinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

60 Downloads (Pure)


Rubber composites are generally produced by the direct incorporation of fillers like carbon black and/or silica into the rubber matrix. The incorporation of different types of nanofillers is the subject of recent research with the aim of preparing composites with special compositions and properties. A successful application of such composites depends mainly on the degree of dispersion of the nano-sized fillers. Recently, a naturally occurring clay mineral, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), is investigated concerning its suitability for rubber reinforcement. As these nanotubes have geometrical similarity with carbon nanotubes, it is expected that these minerals would impart a significant reinforcement effect on the rubber compounds owing to its high aspect ratios. However, the dispersion of these nanofillers is difficult. In the present work, halloysite nanotubes have been surface-modified by plasma polymerization with different monomers in order to change their surface polarity and chemical nature. These modified nanotubes were used as reinforcing filler in combination with carbon black in a natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR) blend system. The aim of the treatment was to improve the dispersion of the fillers and to enhance the compatibility and interaction between HNTs and the rubber matrix. The deposition of the plasma coating was proven by thermo gravimetric analysis, whereas water penetration measurements showed a reduction in surface polarity. The effect of the plasma treatment of the HNTs on dispersion and rubber-filler interaction was investigated by measurement of the Payne effect and mechanical properties.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting
Place of PublicationCleveland, USA
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2011
Event184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division - Cleveland, United States
Duration: 7 Oct 201310 Oct 2013
Conference number: 184

Publication series



Conference184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • METIS-284231
  • IR-87226

Cite this