Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix

Minna Poikelispaa, Amit Das, Wilma K. Dierkes, Jyrki Vuorinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

22 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Rubber composites are generally produced by the direct incorporation of fillers like carbon black and/or silica into the rubber matrix. The incorporation of different types of nanofillers is the subject of recent research with the aim of preparing composites with special compositions and properties. A successful application of such composites depends mainly on the degree of dispersion of the nano-sized fillers. Recently, a naturally occurring clay mineral, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), is investigated concerning its suitability for rubber reinforcement. As these nanotubes have geometrical similarity with carbon nanotubes, it is expected that these minerals would impart a significant reinforcement effect on the rubber compounds owing to its high aspect ratios. However, the dispersion of these nanofillers is difficult. In the present work, halloysite nanotubes have been surface-modified by plasma polymerization with different monomers in order to change their surface polarity and chemical nature. These modified nanotubes were used as reinforcing filler in combination with carbon black in a natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR) blend system. The aim of the treatment was to improve the dispersion of the fillers and to enhance the compatibility and interaction between HNTs and the rubber matrix. The deposition of the plasma coating was proven by thermo gravimetric analysis, whereas water penetration measurements showed a reduction in surface polarity. The effect of the plasma treatment of the HNTs on dispersion and rubber-filler interaction was investigated by measurement of the Payne effect and mechanical properties.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting
Place of PublicationCleveland, USA
Pages1-16
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2011
Event184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division - Cleveland, United States
Duration: 7 Oct 201310 Oct 2013
Conference number: 184

Publication series

Name#53

Conference

Conference184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division
CountryUnited States
CityCleveland
Period7/10/1310/10/13

Fingerprint

Soot
Rubber
Nanotubes
Plasmas
Fillers
Reinforcement
Composite materials
Plasma polymerization
Carbon Nanotubes
clay
Clay minerals
Silicon Dioxide
Minerals
Thermogravimetric analysis
Aspect ratio
Monomers
Coatings
Mechanical properties
Water

Keywords

  • METIS-284231
  • IR-87226

Cite this

Poikelispaa, M., Das, A., Dierkes, W. K., & Vuorinen, J. (2011). Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix. In Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting (pp. 1-16). (#53). Cleveland, USA.
Poikelispaa, Minna ; Das, Amit ; Dierkes, Wilma K. ; Vuorinen, Jyrki. / Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix. Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting. Cleveland, USA, 2011. pp. 1-16 (#53).
@inproceedings{a454bfb64cc34dd0ba25220d995ba367,
title = "Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix",
abstract = "Rubber composites are generally produced by the direct incorporation of fillers like carbon black and/or silica into the rubber matrix. The incorporation of different types of nanofillers is the subject of recent research with the aim of preparing composites with special compositions and properties. A successful application of such composites depends mainly on the degree of dispersion of the nano-sized fillers. Recently, a naturally occurring clay mineral, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), is investigated concerning its suitability for rubber reinforcement. As these nanotubes have geometrical similarity with carbon nanotubes, it is expected that these minerals would impart a significant reinforcement effect on the rubber compounds owing to its high aspect ratios. However, the dispersion of these nanofillers is difficult. In the present work, halloysite nanotubes have been surface-modified by plasma polymerization with different monomers in order to change their surface polarity and chemical nature. These modified nanotubes were used as reinforcing filler in combination with carbon black in a natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR) blend system. The aim of the treatment was to improve the dispersion of the fillers and to enhance the compatibility and interaction between HNTs and the rubber matrix. The deposition of the plasma coating was proven by thermo gravimetric analysis, whereas water penetration measurements showed a reduction in surface polarity. The effect of the plasma treatment of the HNTs on dispersion and rubber-filler interaction was investigated by measurement of the Payne effect and mechanical properties.",
keywords = "METIS-284231, IR-87226",
author = "Minna Poikelispaa and Amit Das and Dierkes, {Wilma K.} and Jyrki Vuorinen",
note = "Lezing zelf was 12 October 2011, Paper #53",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "11",
language = "English",
series = "#53",
pages = "1--16",
booktitle = "Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting",

}

Poikelispaa, M, Das, A, Dierkes, WK & Vuorinen, J 2011, Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix. in Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting. #53, Cleveland, USA, pp. 1-16, 184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division, Cleveland, United States, 7/10/13.

Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix. / Poikelispaa, Minna; Das, Amit; Dierkes, Wilma K.; Vuorinen, Jyrki.

Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting. Cleveland, USA, 2011. p. 1-16 (#53).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

TY - GEN

T1 - Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix

AU - Poikelispaa, Minna

AU - Das, Amit

AU - Dierkes, Wilma K.

AU - Vuorinen, Jyrki

N1 - Lezing zelf was 12 October 2011, Paper #53

PY - 2011/10/11

Y1 - 2011/10/11

N2 - Rubber composites are generally produced by the direct incorporation of fillers like carbon black and/or silica into the rubber matrix. The incorporation of different types of nanofillers is the subject of recent research with the aim of preparing composites with special compositions and properties. A successful application of such composites depends mainly on the degree of dispersion of the nano-sized fillers. Recently, a naturally occurring clay mineral, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), is investigated concerning its suitability for rubber reinforcement. As these nanotubes have geometrical similarity with carbon nanotubes, it is expected that these minerals would impart a significant reinforcement effect on the rubber compounds owing to its high aspect ratios. However, the dispersion of these nanofillers is difficult. In the present work, halloysite nanotubes have been surface-modified by plasma polymerization with different monomers in order to change their surface polarity and chemical nature. These modified nanotubes were used as reinforcing filler in combination with carbon black in a natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR) blend system. The aim of the treatment was to improve the dispersion of the fillers and to enhance the compatibility and interaction between HNTs and the rubber matrix. The deposition of the plasma coating was proven by thermo gravimetric analysis, whereas water penetration measurements showed a reduction in surface polarity. The effect of the plasma treatment of the HNTs on dispersion and rubber-filler interaction was investigated by measurement of the Payne effect and mechanical properties.

AB - Rubber composites are generally produced by the direct incorporation of fillers like carbon black and/or silica into the rubber matrix. The incorporation of different types of nanofillers is the subject of recent research with the aim of preparing composites with special compositions and properties. A successful application of such composites depends mainly on the degree of dispersion of the nano-sized fillers. Recently, a naturally occurring clay mineral, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), is investigated concerning its suitability for rubber reinforcement. As these nanotubes have geometrical similarity with carbon nanotubes, it is expected that these minerals would impart a significant reinforcement effect on the rubber compounds owing to its high aspect ratios. However, the dispersion of these nanofillers is difficult. In the present work, halloysite nanotubes have been surface-modified by plasma polymerization with different monomers in order to change their surface polarity and chemical nature. These modified nanotubes were used as reinforcing filler in combination with carbon black in a natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR) blend system. The aim of the treatment was to improve the dispersion of the fillers and to enhance the compatibility and interaction between HNTs and the rubber matrix. The deposition of the plasma coating was proven by thermo gravimetric analysis, whereas water penetration measurements showed a reduction in surface polarity. The effect of the plasma treatment of the HNTs on dispersion and rubber-filler interaction was investigated by measurement of the Payne effect and mechanical properties.

KW - METIS-284231

KW - IR-87226

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - #53

SP - 1

EP - 16

BT - Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting

CY - Cleveland, USA

ER -

Poikelispaa M, Das A, Dierkes WK, Vuorinen J. Reinforcing effect of plasma modified halloysite nanotubes in a carbon black filled natural rubber-butadien rubber matrix. In Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Meeting. Cleveland, USA. 2011. p. 1-16. (#53).