Relation between amoxicillin concentration in sputum of COPD patients and length of hospitalization

Marjolein Brusse-Keizer, Leonore ten Bokum, Kris Movig, Paul van der Valk, Huib Kerstjens, Job van der Palen, Ron Hendrix

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    Amoxicillin is a widely used antibiotic in COPD. Little is known about the transfer of amoxicillin into sputum of COPD patients. The objective was to investigate the relationship between the concentration of amoxicillin in sputum in hospitalized COPD patients and length of hospitalization. To be effective against bacterial pathogens, the amoxicillin concentration in target tissues should be higher than the Minimal Inhibiting Concentration (MIC) of 2 mg/l. Therefore, this was also used as the cut-off value for the amoxicillin concentration in sputum, as a marker for lung tissue concentration. Fifty-two COPD in-patients with an exacerbation, treated with amoxicillin clavulanic acid, were included in this cohort study. Of these patients 7 also had pneumonia. Patients were divided in patients with an amoxicillin sputum concentration ≥ 2 mg/l and < 2 mg/l. Furthermore, inflammation markers in sputum and serum and clinical parameters were obtained. Of the 33 patients with usable sputum, 11 had a concentration in sputum ≥ 2 mg/l. The mean length of hospitalization for patients with concentrations below the MIC90 to common respiratory pathogens was 11.0 days, while for patients with concentrations at or above the MIC90 this was 7.0 days (p = 0.005). COPD patients admitted for an acute exacerbation of COPD, with a sputum concentration of amoxicillin ≥ 2 mg/l had a markedly reduced length of hospitalization compared to patients with a concentration < 2 mg/l. It is worthwhile testing whether individualized treatment based on sputum amoxicillin concentrations of patients during hospitalization for acute exacerbations can effectively reduce hospital stay.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)66-70
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


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