Relaxation behaviour at the spin-flop phase transition in the quasi-1D antiferromagnet CsMnCl3·2H2O

M. Chirwa, J.L. Top, Jakob Flokstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

74 Downloads (Pure)


The low-frequency relaxation behaviour of the linear-chain antiferromagnet CsMnCl3·2H2O at the spin-flop transition has been determined from dynamic susceptibility measurements on a single crystal placed in direct contact with liquid helium. The experiments were performed between 1.4 and 4.2 K in the frequency range 0.1 Hz–3.0 kHz with a frequency-sweeping SQUID susceptometer. Below Tλ = 2.17 K, the relaxation rate τ−1 manifests an exponential temperature dependence, τ−1 = ω0e−E/kT, where E/k = 3.19±0.04 K is approximately equal to the magnitude of the intrachain exchange interaction constant Ja/k. Above Tλ the apparent deviation from the exponential behaviour has been explained satisfactorily by using the thermal conduction model of relaxation. The field-dependent factor ω0 is directly proportional to the ratio of the adiabatic χs to the isothermal χT susceptibilities.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)13-25
JournalPhysica B+C
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1985


  • IR-69404

Cite this