Since moderate depression and anxiety are by far the most important risk factors of late-life clinical disorder, it is relevant to study the functions of reminiscence in this group at risk. We assessed positive reminiscence functions (identity, problem solving) and negative reminiscence functions (bitterness revival, boredom reduction) in 171 Dutch older people with depressive symptomatology. Furthermore, we measured depressive and anxiety symptoms, important life-events and serious illness. Depression was positively correlated with negative reminiscence functions, in particular with bitterness revival. Anxiety has a positive relation with negative functions, as well as a negative relation with problem solving. Moreover, problem solving mediates the relation of negative life events with anxiety. To reduce clinical symptomatology and prevent mental disorder, we advise mental health care professionals to use techniques which reduce bitterness revival in people with depressive symptoms, and to use problem solving techniques in people with anxiety symptoms.
|Number of pages||1|
|Issue number||Suppl. 2|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Nov 2009|
|Event||62nd Annual Scientific Meeting of The Gerontological Society of America 2009 - Atlanta, United States|
Duration: 18 Nov 2009 → 22 Nov 2009
Conference number: 62