To investigate aortic remodeling of the supra- and infrarenal aorta from preoperative to 1 month and midterm follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) by analyzing changes in angulation and curvature in patients with vs without late type Ia endoleak or device migration.Materials and Methods:
From a multicenter database, 35 patients (mean age 76±5 years; 31 men) were identified with late (>1 year) type Ia endoleak or endograft migration (≥10 mm) and defined as the complication group. The control group consisted of 53 patients (mean age 75±7 years; 48 men) with >1-year computed tomography angiography (CTA) follow-up and no evidence of endoleaks. Suprarenal and infrarenal angles were measured on centerline reconstructions of the preoperative, 1-month, and midterm CTA scans. The value and location relative to baseline of maximum suprarenal and infrarenal curvature were determined semiautomatically using dedicated software. Changes were determined at 1 month compared with the preoperative CTA and at midterm compared with 1 month.Results:
Preoperative suprarenal angulation was significantly greater in the complication group compared to the controls (34°±18° vs 24°±17°, p=0.008). It decreased significantly at 1 month in the complication group (29°±16°, p=0.011) and at midterm follow-up in the controls (20°±19°, p<0.001). Preoperative infrarenal angulation was not significantly different (57°±15° vs 49°±24°, p=0.114). This measurement increased significantly through midterm follow-up in the complication group (63°±23°, p<0.001) but remained stable in the controls (46°±22°). Preoperative suprarenal curvature was not significantly different (38±22 m−1 vs 29±25 m−1, p=0.115). This variable increased significantly through midterm follow-up in the complication group (44±22 m−1) but remained constant in the controls (28±22 m−1). Preoperative infrarenal curvature was significantly greater in the complication group (77±29 m−1 vs 65±28 m−1, p=0.047) and decreased significantly in both groups during midterm follow-up (50±17 m−1 vs 41±19 m−1 p=0.033). The location of the maximum curvature with regard to baseline shifted significantly distally in the complication group (54±43 to 72±41 mm, p<0.001), while it remained stable in the controls (46±33 to 48±31 mm).Conclusion:
At midterm follow-up, significant differences in supra- and infrarenal angulation and curvature were observed between patients with vs without type Ia endoleak or migration. The location of the maximum curvature shifted distally in patients with complications. The aortic morphology is more stable during midterm follow-up in the patients without endoleaks.
- endovascular aneurysm repair
- abdominal aortic aneurysm