Renoprotection with and without blood pressure reduction.

GD Laverman, Steen Andersen, peter rossing, G Navis, Zeeuw D de, HH Parving

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Abstract

BackgroundAT1-receptor blockade dose dependently lowers blood pressure (BP) and albuminuria. Reduction of BP and albuminuria are independent treatment targets for renoprotection, but whether this requires similar dose titration is unknown.MethodsWe tested this in two studies designed to find the optimal antialbuminuric dose of losartan in type 1 diabetic (DM, N= 50) and nondiabetic renal patients (ND, N= 12). After baseline, treatment followed with losartan 50, 100, and 150 mg/day, each dose for eight (DM) or six weeks (ND). At the end of each period, albuminuria (24-hour samples) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured. Patients were divided into "good" and "poor" BP responders (BP+, BP-) according to BP response above or below group median.ResultsBaseline MAP in the BP- groups was 102 (97, 104) mm Hg in DM (median, 95% CI) and 91 (80, 108) mm Hg in ND. The top of the dose response for BP (obtained at losartan 100 mg) in the BP- groups was -2 (-4, 3) mm Hg in DM and -1 (-6, 2) mm Hg in ND, versus -15 (-18, -12) mm Hg and -16 (-26, -18) mm Hg in BP+ groups (both P < 0.05). Albuminuria was reduced dose dependently both in BP- and BP+: with 100 mg, the reduction in albuminuria in DM BP- was -32% (-49, 13) versus -45% (-60, -38) in DM BP+ and -45% (-70,-7) versus -25% (-58, -6) in ND BP- and BP+ (all P > 0.05). Moreover, in patients in whom BP fell below the recommended treatment target of 130/80 mm Hg (13 in DM and 10 in ND), albuminuria was progressively reduced, with further increasing the dose of losartan in most patients.ConclusionAbsence of BP response to losartan does not preclude a reduction in albuminuria, and optimal reduction of albuminuria may require titration beyond the predefined BP target.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S54-S59
JournalKidney international. Supplement
Volume67
Issue numberSuppl. 94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

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