Requirements of an Application to Monitor Diet, Physical Activity and Glucose Values in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Diameter

Niala den Braber (Corresponding Author), Miriam Marie Rosé Vollenbroek-Hutten, Hermanus J. Hermens, Milou M. Oosterwijk, Christina M. Gant, Ilse J. M. Hagedoorn, Bernhard J.F. van Beijnum, Gozewijn Dirk Laverman

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    Adherence to a healthy diet and regular physical activity are two important factors in sufficient type 2 diabetes mellitus management. It is recognized that the traditional treatment of outpatients does not meet the requirements for sufficient lifestyle management. It is hypothesised that a personalized diabetes management mHealth application can help. Such an application ideally measures food intake, physical activity, glucose values, and medication use, and then integrates this to provide patients and healthcare professionals insight in these factors, as well as the effect of lifestyle on glucose values in daily life. The lifestyle data can be used to give tailored coaching to improve adherence to lifestyle recommendations and medication use. This study describes the requirements for such an application: the Diameter. An iterative mixed method design approach is used that consists of a cohort study, pilot studies, literature search, and expert meetings. The requirements are defined according to the Function and events, Interactions and usability, Content and structure and Style and aesthetics (FICS) framework. This resulted in 81 requirements for the dietary (n = 37), activity and sedentary (n = 15), glycaemic (n = 12), and general (n = 17) parts. Although many applications are currently available, many of these requirements are not implemented. This stresses the need for the Diameter as a new personalized diabetes application.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number409
    Pages (from-to)1-16
    Number of pages16
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019


    • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    • diabetes management
    • dietary application
    • dietary assessment
    • nutrition
    • physical activity
    • blood glucose
    • mHealth


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