Residential mobility and model complexity - An agent-based modelling experiment on a small shrinking town in Eastern Germany

Carsten M. Buchmann, Nina Schwarz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Residential mobility is one of the major drivers of urban land use change. For urban planning it is therefore essential to understand patterns of population distribution and residential mobility in cities. Agent-based modelling has been found to be the most suitable method to investigate the complex interplay of processes, including individual location decisions. While numerous of such models have been developed in recent years, the challenge of adequate model complexity is still a hot topic. In this talk we present an agent-based model on residential mobility in the shrinking town Delitzsch in eastern Germany. The model is parameterized by a detailed data base resulting from an extensive questionnaire survey. Using this data-driven approach, it is possible to systematically explore the role of model complexity for describing relocation patterns, for example by setting agents' decision parameters either equal for all households or different for various groups, defined by household properties (like income, composition, lifestyle). In the most detailed model version, agents' decision characteristics are drawn from empirically observed distributions for the given combination of up to six household properties. Furthermore, the complexity of the demography module can be varied. Preliminary results indicate that at larger spatial scales (e.g. moves within the city) detailed parameterization of the decision process does not provide much additional information, whereas model complexity can potentially help to better understand patterns at the scale of neighbourhoods. Moreover, experiments varying structural complexity can provide guidance for further structural refinements in model design und hence help improving model realism.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationiEMSs 2014 proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, June 15-19, San Diego, California
EditorsD.P. Ames, N.W.T. Quinn, A.E. Rizzoli
Place of PublicationSan Diego
PublisherInternational Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs)
Pages580-587
Number of pages8
Volume7
ISBN (Print)978-88-9035-744-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software 2014: Bold visions for environmental modelling - San Diego, United States
Duration: 15 Jun 201419 Jun 2014
Conference number: 7
https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/iemssconference/2014/

Conference

Conference7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software 2014
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period15/06/1419/06/14
Internet address

Keywords

  • Agent heterogeneity
  • Agent-based model
  • Model complexity
  • Residential mobility
  • Shrinking city

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  • Cite this

    Buchmann, C. M., & Schwarz, N. (2014). Residential mobility and model complexity - An agent-based modelling experiment on a small shrinking town in Eastern Germany. In D. P. Ames, N. W. T. Quinn, & A. E. Rizzoli (Eds.), iEMSs 2014 proceedings: Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, June 15-19, San Diego, California (Vol. 7, pp. 580-587). San Diego: International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs).