Resilience at an individual level: geographic variation in degrees of empowerment

Sahar Issa, Roula Al Daia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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The current chapter is the first of two chapters together comprising Part 2 of our edited volume that is dedicated to empirically exploring different manifestations of resilience to environmental effects of armed conflict. Each chapter approaches resilience from a different organizational level. In this Chapter 8, degrees of individual empowerment in the coastal area of North Lebanon are researched. For this, we use the analytical framework by Alsop, et al. (2006), which regards empowerment in terms of two components: agency and opportunity structure. Agency and opportunity structure play a large role in terms of services delivery, labour and job opportunities, and participation in the community. We therefore focus on three sub-domains at the local level including public service delivery, labour and community development. Results show how individual empowerment in north Lebanon has been affected by the combination of agency and opportunity structure, with education being a particularly
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConflict and environment in North Lebanon: vulnerability and resilience from a multi-disciplinary perspective
EditorsIrna van der Molen, Nora Stel
PublisherUniversity of Twente
ISBN (Print)978-94-6259-527-9
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

PublisherUniversity of Twente


  • IR-98034
  • METIS-313094


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