Response to Dr Greenwood’s Comments on “Extending the Double-Hertz Model to Allow Modeling of an Adhesive Elliptical Contact”

N. H.M. Zini (Corresponding Author), M. B. de Rooij, M. Bazr Afshan Fadafan, N. Ismail, D. J. Schipper

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Abstract

© 2018, The Author(s). An adhesive elliptical contact is normally found in microscale applications that involve cylindrical solids, crossing at an angle between 0° and 90°. Currently, only one model is available to describe the elliptical contact’s surface interaction: the approximate Johnson–Kendall–Roberts (JKR) model which is limited to soft materials. In this paper, a new adhesive elliptical model is developed for a wide range of adhesive contacts by extending the double-Hertz theory, where adhesion is modeled by the difference between two Hertzian pressure distributions. Both Hertzian pressures are assumed to have an equivalent shape of contact areas, the only difference being in size. Assuming that the annular adhesive region is obtained by the area difference between the two Hertzian contact areas, the pull-off force curves can be calculated. In the limiting case of an adhesive circular contact, the results are very close to results from the existing models. However, for an adhesive elliptical contact in the JKR domain, lower pull-off forces are predicted when compared to the JKR values. Unlike the developed model, the shape of the JKR contact area varies throughout contact. Results show, particularly for conditions close to the JKR domain, that it is important to take into account that the adhesive region is the result of the two Hertzian contact areas having a non-equivalent shape.
Original languageEnglish
Article number99
JournalTribology letters
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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adhesives
Adhesives
pressure distribution
Pressure distribution
microbalances
surface reactions
adhesion
Adhesion
curves

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D

Cite this

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title = "Response to Dr Greenwood’s Comments on “Extending the Double-Hertz Model to Allow Modeling of an Adhesive Elliptical Contact”",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2018, The Author(s). An adhesive elliptical contact is normally found in microscale applications that involve cylindrical solids, crossing at an angle between 0° and 90°. Currently, only one model is available to describe the elliptical contact’s surface interaction: the approximate Johnson–Kendall–Roberts (JKR) model which is limited to soft materials. In this paper, a new adhesive elliptical model is developed for a wide range of adhesive contacts by extending the double-Hertz theory, where adhesion is modeled by the difference between two Hertzian pressure distributions. Both Hertzian pressures are assumed to have an equivalent shape of contact areas, the only difference being in size. Assuming that the annular adhesive region is obtained by the area difference between the two Hertzian contact areas, the pull-off force curves can be calculated. In the limiting case of an adhesive circular contact, the results are very close to results from the existing models. However, for an adhesive elliptical contact in the JKR domain, lower pull-off forces are predicted when compared to the JKR values. Unlike the developed model, the shape of the JKR contact area varies throughout contact. Results show, particularly for conditions close to the JKR domain, that it is important to take into account that the adhesive region is the result of the two Hertzian contact areas having a non-equivalent shape.",
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Response to Dr Greenwood’s Comments on “Extending the Double-Hertz Model to Allow Modeling of an Adhesive Elliptical Contact”. / Zini, N. H.M. (Corresponding Author); de Rooij, M. B.; Fadafan, M. Bazr Afshan; Ismail, N.; Schipper, D. J.

In: Tribology letters, Vol. 66, No. 3, 99, 01.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response to Dr Greenwood’s Comments on “Extending the Double-Hertz Model to Allow Modeling of an Adhesive Elliptical Contact”

AU - Zini, N. H.M.

AU - de Rooij, M. B.

AU - Fadafan, M. Bazr Afshan

AU - Ismail, N.

AU - Schipper, D. J.

N1 - Springer deal

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - © 2018, The Author(s). An adhesive elliptical contact is normally found in microscale applications that involve cylindrical solids, crossing at an angle between 0° and 90°. Currently, only one model is available to describe the elliptical contact’s surface interaction: the approximate Johnson–Kendall–Roberts (JKR) model which is limited to soft materials. In this paper, a new adhesive elliptical model is developed for a wide range of adhesive contacts by extending the double-Hertz theory, where adhesion is modeled by the difference between two Hertzian pressure distributions. Both Hertzian pressures are assumed to have an equivalent shape of contact areas, the only difference being in size. Assuming that the annular adhesive region is obtained by the area difference between the two Hertzian contact areas, the pull-off force curves can be calculated. In the limiting case of an adhesive circular contact, the results are very close to results from the existing models. However, for an adhesive elliptical contact in the JKR domain, lower pull-off forces are predicted when compared to the JKR values. Unlike the developed model, the shape of the JKR contact area varies throughout contact. Results show, particularly for conditions close to the JKR domain, that it is important to take into account that the adhesive region is the result of the two Hertzian contact areas having a non-equivalent shape.

AB - © 2018, The Author(s). An adhesive elliptical contact is normally found in microscale applications that involve cylindrical solids, crossing at an angle between 0° and 90°. Currently, only one model is available to describe the elliptical contact’s surface interaction: the approximate Johnson–Kendall–Roberts (JKR) model which is limited to soft materials. In this paper, a new adhesive elliptical model is developed for a wide range of adhesive contacts by extending the double-Hertz theory, where adhesion is modeled by the difference between two Hertzian pressure distributions. Both Hertzian pressures are assumed to have an equivalent shape of contact areas, the only difference being in size. Assuming that the annular adhesive region is obtained by the area difference between the two Hertzian contact areas, the pull-off force curves can be calculated. In the limiting case of an adhesive circular contact, the results are very close to results from the existing models. However, for an adhesive elliptical contact in the JKR domain, lower pull-off forces are predicted when compared to the JKR values. Unlike the developed model, the shape of the JKR contact area varies throughout contact. Results show, particularly for conditions close to the JKR domain, that it is important to take into account that the adhesive region is the result of the two Hertzian contact areas having a non-equivalent shape.

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