Revealing bone damage using radiographic image registration

J.A. Kauffman, Cornelis H. Slump, Hein Bernelot Moens

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    Bone damage assessment is frequently applied to monitor the activity of bone degenerative diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. For an effective treatment it is important that small changes over time can be measured. Radiographs of hands and feet are often used for such measurements. Several scoring methods exist to measure bone and joint damage [1], but they are subjected to inter-observer and intra-observer variability. We present a method for comparing radiographs that have been taken at different moments in time. Using the segmentation algorithm presented in earlier work [2] we select corresponding regions of interest surrounding the bone to be analyzed. Both image selections taken at different time-points are aligned to each other with a registration algorithm [3]. After aligning the images, we visualize the difference by image subtraction. Since there is generally no information available about the setup of the radiographic system during both acquisitions, we compensate for differences in lighting. We do this by estimating an intensity transformation function based on the joint density function of both images. Experimental results with several follow-up radiographs show that we are able to visualize small erosions and changes in bone mineral density. To further improve the estimation of the intensity transformation function, we plan to use a calibration object in future research.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPS-DARTS 2007 the third annual IEEE Benelux/DSP Valley Signal Processing Symposium
    EditorsW. Philips
    Place of PublicationBelgium
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)not assigned
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2007
    Event3rd Annual IEEE Benelux/DSP Valley Signal Processing Symposium, SPS-DARTS 2007 - Antwerp, Belgium
    Duration: 21 Mar 200722 Mar 2007
    Conference number: 3

    Publication series

    PublisherIEEE Benelux/DSP


    Conference3rd Annual IEEE Benelux/DSP Valley Signal Processing Symposium, SPS-DARTS 2007
    Abbreviated titleSPS-DARTS


    • EWI-9981
    • IR-67148
    • METIS-241649

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