Rationale Pulmonary medication is mostly delivered in the form of medical aerosols to minimize systemic side effects. A major drawback of inhaled medication is that the majority of inhaled particles impacts in the oropharynx at the sharp bend of the airway. Stretching the airway by a forward leaning body posture with the neck extended (“sniffing position”) may improve pulmonary deposition and clinical effects. Methods 41 asthmatic children who were planned for standard reversibility testing at the pulmonary function lab, alternately inhaled 200 μgr salbutamol with an Autohaler® in the standard or in the forward leaning body posture. Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 s (FEV1), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF), Mean Expiratory Flow at 25% of vital capacity (MEF25) and Mean Expiratory Flow at 75% of vital capacity (MEF75) were analysed. Results The children in the forward leaning body posture group showed a significantly higher mean FEV1 reversibility than the control group after inhalation of 200 μgr salbutamol (10.2% versus 4.1%, p = 0.019). Additionally, mean MEF75 was significantly more reversible in the forward leaning body posture group versus the standard body posture group (32.2% resp. 8.9%, p = 0.013). Conclusion This pilot study showed a higher reversibility of FEV1 and MEF75 after inhaling salbutamol in a forward leaning body posture compared to the standard body posture in asthmatic children. This suggests that pulmonary effects of salbutamol can be improved by inhaling in a forward leaning body posture with the neck extended. This effect is possibly due to a higher pulmonary deposition of salbutamol and should be confirmed in a randomized controlled trial.
Visser, R., van der Palen, J. A. M., de Jongh, F. H. C., & Thio, B. J. (2015). Reversibility after inhaling salbutamol in different body postures in asthmatic children: a pilot study. Respiratory medicine, 109(4), 459-462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2015.02.007