Robot-assisted surgery for the management of apical prolapse: a bi-centre prospective cohort study

F. van Zanten, S. E. Schraffordt Koops, O. E. O'Sullivan*, E. Lenters, I. A.M.J. Broeders, B. A. O'Reilly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective: Robot-assisted surgery is a recognised treatment for pelvic-organ prolapse. Many of the surgical subgroup outcomes for apical prolapse are reported together, leading to a paucity of homogenous data. Design: Prospective observational cohort study (NCT01598467, assessing outcomes for homogeneous subgroups of robot-assisted apical prolapse surgery. Setting: Two European tertiary referral hospitals. Population: Consecutive patients undergoing robot-assisted sacrocolpopexy (RASC) and supracervical hysterectomy with sacrocervicopexy (RSHS). Methods: Anatomical cure (simplified Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification, sPOPQ, stage 1), subjective cure (symptoms of bulge), and quality of life (Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire, PFIQ-7). Main outcome measures: Primary outcome: anatomical and subjective cure. Secondary outcomes: surgical safety and intraoperative variables. Results: A total of 305 patients were included (RASC n = 188; RSHS n = 117). Twelve months follow-up was available for 144 (RASC 76.6%) and 109 (RSHS 93.2%) women. Anatomical success of the apical compartment occurred for 91% (RASC) and in 99% (RSHS) of the women. In all compartments, the success percentages were 67 and 65%, respectively. Most recurrences were in the anterior compartment [15.7% RASC (symptomatic 12.1%); 22.9% RSHS (symptomatic 4.8%)]. Symptoms of bulge improved from 97.4 to 17.4% (P < 0.0005). PFIQ-7 scores improved from 76.7 ± 62.3 to 13.5 ± 31.1 (P < 0.0005). The duration of surgery increased significantly for RSHS [183.1 ± 38.2 versus 145.3 ± 29.8 (P < 0.0005)]. Intraoperative complications and conversion rates were low (RASC, 5.3 and 4.3%; RSHS, 0.0 and 0.0%). Four severe postoperative complications occurred after RASC (2.1%) and one occurred after RSHS (1.6%). Conclusions: This is the largest reported prospective cohort study on robot-assisted apical prolapse surgery. Both procedures are safe, with durable results. Tweetable abstract: European bi-centre trial concludes that robot-assisted surgery is a viable approach to managing apical prolapse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1073
Number of pages9
JournalBJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • robot-assisted
  • sacral colpopexy
  • sacrocervicopexy
  • sacrocolpopexy
  • n/a OA procedure


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