Robot etiquette: How to approach a pair of people?

Daphne Eleonora Karreman, Lex Utama, M.P. Joosse, M. Lohse, Elisabeth M.A.G. van Dijk, Vanessa Evers

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    27 Citations (Scopus)
    89 Downloads (Pure)


    Research has been carried out on robots approaching one person [1, 3, 4]. However, further research is needed on robots approaching groups of people. In the study reported in this paper, we studied participants who were paired up for a task and assessed their perception and behaviors as they were approached by a robot from various angles. On an individual level, participants liked the frontal approaches, and they disliked being approached from the back. However, we found that the presence of a task-partner influenced participants’ comfort with a robot approaching (i.e. when the robot approaches and one is standing behind the task-partner). Apart from the positioning of the individuals, the layout of the room, position of furniture and doors, also seemed to influence their experience. This pilot study was performed with a limited number of participants (N=30). However, the study offers preliminary insights into the factors that influence the choice for a robot approach direction when approaching a pair of people that are focused on a task.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2014 ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-robot interaction, HRI 2014
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
    Number of pages2
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-2658-2
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2014
    Event9th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2014 - Bielefeld, Germany
    Duration: 3 Mar 20146 Mar 2014
    Conference number: 9

    Publication series



    Conference9th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2014
    Abbreviated titleHRI


    • EWI-25423
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/288235
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/2007-2013
    • multiple people
    • METIS-309726
    • comfort
    • Human Robot Interaction
    • approach direction
    • IR-94052
    • task oriented

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