Robot-specific social cues in emotional body language

Stephanie Embgen, Matthias Luber, Christian Becker-Asano, Marco Ragni, Vanessa Evers, Kai O. Arras

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Humans use very sophisticated ways of bodily emotion expression combining facial expressions, sound, gestures and full body posture. Like others, we want to apply these aspects of human communication to ease the interaction between robots and users. In doing so we believe there is a need to consider what abstraction of human social communicative behaviors is appropriate for robots. The study reported in this paper is a pilot study to not offer simulated emotion but to offer an abstracted robot version of emotion expressions and an evaluation to what extent users interpret these robot expressions as the intended emotional states. To this end, we present the mobile, mildly humanized robot Daryl, for which we created six motion sequences that combine human-like, animal-like, and robot-specific social cues. The results of a user study (N=29) show that despite the absence of facial expressions and articulated extremities, subjects' interpretation of Daryl's emotional states were congruent with the abstracted emotion display. These results demonstrate that abstract displays of emotion that combine human-like, animal-like, and robot-specific modalities could in fact be an alternative to complex facial expressions and will feed into ongoing work identifying robot-specific social cues.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN’12)
    Place of PublicationUSA
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Pages1019-1025
    Number of pages7
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-4604-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2012
    Event2012 21st IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN 2012 - Le 104 CENT QUATRE, Paris, France
    Duration: 9 Sep 201218 Sep 2012
    Conference number: 21

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    ISSN (Print)1944-9445

    Conference

    Conference2012 21st IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN 2012
    Abbreviated titleRO-MAN
    CountryFrance
    CityParis
    Period9/09/1218/09/12

    Keywords

    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • EWI-22973
    • Emotion Recognition
    • Psychology
    • METIS-296261
    • IR-84185
    • Humanoid Robots
    • Human Robot Interaction
    • intelligent robots

    Cite this

    Embgen, S., Luber, M., Becker-Asano, C., Ragni, M., Evers, V., & Arras, K. O. (2012). Robot-specific social cues in emotional body language. In Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN’12) (pp. 1019-1025). USA: IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ROMAN.2012.6343883