Rotation analysis on large complex superconducting cables based on numerical modeling and experiments

Jinggang Qin, Donghua Yue, Xingyi Zhang (Corresponding Author), Yu Wu, Xiaochuan Liu, Huajun Liu, Huan Jin, Chao Dai, Arend Nijhuis, Chao Zhou, Arnaud Devred

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The conductors used in large fusion reactors, e.g. ITER, CFETR and DEMO, are made of cable-in-conduit conductor (CICC) with large diameters up to about 50 mm. The superconducting and copper strands are cabled around a central spiral and then wrapped with stainless-steel tape of 0.1 mm thickness. The cable is then inserted into a jacket under tensile force that increases with the length of insertion. Because the cables are long and with a large diameter, the insertion force could reach values of about 40 kN. The large tensile force could lead to significant rotation forces. This may lead to an increase of the twist pitch, especially for the final one. Understanding the twist pitch variation is very important; in particular, the twist pitch of a cable inside a CICC strongly affects its properties, especially for Nb3Sn conductors. In this paper, a simplified numerical model was used to analyze the cable rotation, including material properties, cabling tension as well as wrap tension. Several rotation experiments with tensile force have been performed to verify the numerical results for CFETR CSMC cables. The results show that the numerical analysis is consistent with the experiments and provides the optimal cabling conditions for large superconducting cables.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025001
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018


  • Numerical model
  • Performance degradation
  • Tensile experiment
  • Cable rotation


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