Objectives: Based on outcomes of the BIOSOLVE-II study, a novel second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold gained CE-mark in 2016. The BIOSOLVE-III study aimed to confirm these outcomes and to obtain additional 12-month angiographic data.
Background: Bioresorbable scaffolds are intended to overcome possible long-term effects of permanent stents such as chronic vessel wall inflammation, stent crushing, and fractures. Methods: The prospective, multicenter BIOSOLVE-II and BIOSOLVE-III studies enrolled 184 patients with 189 lesions (123 patients in BIOSOLVE-II and 61 patients in BIOSOLVE-III). Primary endpoints were in-segment late lumen loss at 6 months (BIOSOLVE-II) and procedural success (BIOSOLVE-III).
Results: Mean patient age was 65.5 ± 10.8 years and mean lesion reference diameter was 2.70 ± 0.43 mm. In BIOSOLVE-III, there were significantly more type B2/C lesions than in BIOSOLVE-II (80.3% versus 43.4%, P < 0.0001) and significantly more moderate-to-severe calcifications (24.2% versus 10.7%, P = 0.014). At 12 months, there was no difference in late lumen loss between the two studies; in the overall population, it was 0.25 ± 0.31 mm in-segment and 0.39 ± 0.34 mm in-scaffold. Target lesion failure occurred in six patients (3.3%) and included two cardiac deaths, one target-vessel myocardial infarction, and three clinically driven target lesion revascularizations. No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed.
Conclusion: The pooled outcomes of BIOSOLVE-II and BIOSOLVE-III provide further evidence on the safety and performance of a novel drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold with constant clinical and angiographic performance parameters at 12 months and no definite or probable scaffold thrombosis.
- Coronary artery disease
- Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
- Stent bioabsorbable
- Stent restenosis
- Clinical trials