The different measures used to characterize postural sway are sensitive to variations in sampling duration, yet there remains marked variability and a lack of consistency in this temporal parameter when compared between studies. We investigated the effect of sampling duration on 22 commonly used frequency and time domain measures and stabilogram diffusion coefficients. Participants stood quietly on a forceplate during two 600 s standing trials with eyes open and eyes closed. The results clearly show that the amplitudes of the descriptive measures are sensitive to sampling duration. Only measures related to the amount of sway were sensitive for eyes open versus eyes closed conditions. In addition to sample duration, the filter settings, sampling frequency and fitting windows should be standardized since they also affect the magnitude of the descriptive measures. Without such standards, the inability to accurately compare between studies will persist.
van der Kooij, H., Campbell, A. D., & Carpenter, M. G. (2011). Sampling duration effects on centre of pressure descriptive measures. Gait & posture, 34(1), 19-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.02.025