Savannas of southern Africa: attributes and use of some types along the Tropic of Capricorn

F. van der Meulen, H.A.M.J. van Gils

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Abstract

Two recent reconnaissance vegetation surveys of savanna in the Kalahari of Botswana and in the western Transvaal (RSA) carried out on a landscape basis are described. Attributes and utilization of four selected stations along a transect of about 1 000 km near the Tropic of Capricorn, with a climate changing eastward from arid to subhumid. are compared. The stations represent microphyllous /íajcïfl-savannas and mesophvllous Burkea-Ochna-Terminalia savannas on deep red sands, covering extensive parts in both survey areas. Land attributes used are physiography, macro-climate, vegetation (growth), large herbivores and land use practices.

The most striking difference between the four areas are the land use practices.

Some notes on the survey methodology are presented. The authors conclude that for small-scale vegetation-land use surveys the 'holistic' landscape approach can be recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-681
JournalBothalia
Volume141
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

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Southern Africa
savanna
savannas
tropics
land use
Burkea
vegetation
Ochna
Terminalia
Botswana
climate
herbivore
herbivores
transect
climate change
sand
methodology
attribute
station

Keywords

  • NRS
  • ADLIB-ART-1759

Cite this

van der Meulen, F. ; van Gils, H.A.M.J. / Savannas of southern Africa : attributes and use of some types along the Tropic of Capricorn. In: Bothalia. 1983 ; Vol. 141, No. 3-4. pp. 675-681.
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Savannas of southern Africa : attributes and use of some types along the Tropic of Capricorn. / van der Meulen, F.; van Gils, H.A.M.J.

In: Bothalia, Vol. 141, No. 3-4, 1983, p. 675-681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Two recent reconnaissance vegetation surveys of savanna in the Kalahari of Botswana and in the western Transvaal (RSA) carried out on a landscape basis are described. Attributes and utilization of four selected stations along a transect of about 1 000 km near the Tropic of Capricorn, with a climate changing eastward from arid to subhumid. are compared. The stations represent microphyllous /íajcïfl-savannas and mesophvllous Burkea-Ochna-Terminalia savannas on deep red sands, covering extensive parts in both survey areas. Land attributes used are physiography, macro-climate, vegetation (growth), large herbivores and land use practices.The most striking difference between the four areas are the land use practices.Some notes on the survey methodology are presented. The authors conclude that for small-scale vegetation-land use surveys the 'holistic' landscape approach can be recommended.

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