Scalars in bubbly turbulence

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

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Abstract

This thesis investigates the mixing in swarms of rising bubble in a flow with and without incident turbulence by studying the corresponding temperature statistics and heat transport. The temperature mixing in inhomogeneous bubbly flows was studied by measuring the global normalized heat transport (Nusselt number, Nu) in a vertical convection cell with millimetric bubbles introduced only through half of the injection section at the bottom (close to the hot or cold wall). For the void fraction ⍺ < 4.0%, Nu was enhanced as compared to homogenous bubbly flows, because of the presence of shear-induced turbulence (SIT) and the buoyancy-induced recirculation in addition to bubble-induced agitations (BIA). For 4.0% < ⍺ < 5.1%, SIT and the large-scale circulation started to compete with BIA, leading to a smaller Nu enhancement. To study the effect of incident turbulence, the Twente Mass and Heat Transfer Tunnel (TMHT) was built. It was demonstrated that temperature and mass transfer measurements in turbulent bubbly flows are possible in a controlled manner. By using TMHT, the temperature statistics in a turbulent bubbly thermal mixing layer were studied. The Kolmogorov -5/3 law in the temperature frequency spectra was followed by a steeper spectral slope when ⍺ increases. It saturated to a -3 scaling when ⍺ is large enough. We proposed that when the enhanced mixing of the small-scale temperature fluctuations due to the bubbles is strong enough, the local net spectral transfer of the temperature fluctuations is directly dissipated by diffusivity, leading to the -3 power law. Finally, we studied the integral statistics (the mean, variance and probability density functions) of the temperature and velocity and the small-scale statistics (temperature increment statistics) for different ⍺. The scaling properties of the structure function of the order p versus the second order structure function were investigated using extended self-similarity. Such scaling exponents for ⍺ = 0% and ⍺ = 4.7% are similar to each other up to p = 5. The exponents also resembled those in the boiling Rayleigh-Bénard convection (point bubbles simulations) reported before and were higher than other single-phase cases reported before.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Lohse, Detlef, Supervisor
  • Sun, Chao, Co-Supervisor
  • Huisman, Sander Gerard, Co-Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date15 Apr 2021
Place of PublicationEnschede
Edition1
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-5146-5
Electronic ISBNs978-90-365-5146-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Bubbly flows
  • Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Scalar turbulence

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