Scale-Free Cooperative Control of Inverter-Based Microgrids With General Time-Varying Communication Graphs

Donya Nojavanzadeh, Saeed Lotfifard, Zhenwei Liu, Ali A. Saberi, Antonie A. Stoorvogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
85 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a method for controlling the voltage of inverter-based Microgrids by proposing a new scale-free distributed cooperative controller. The main contribution of this paper is that the proposed distributed cooperative controller is scale-free where is independent of any information about the communication system and the number of distributed generators, as such it works for any Microgrids with any size. Moreover, the communication network is modeled by a general time-varying graph which enhances the resilience of the proposed protocol against communication link failure, data packet loss, and arbitrarily fast plug and play operation in the presence of arbitrarily finite communication delays as the protocol does not require the knowledge of the upper bound on the delay. The stability analysis of the proposed protocol is provided. The proposed method is simulated on the CIGRE medium voltage Microgrid test system. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scale-free distributed nonlinear protocol for regulating voltage of Microgrids in the presence of communication failures, data packet loss, noise, and degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2197-2207
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number3
Early online date8 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • 22/2 OA procedure
  • Distributed voltage control
  • Microgrids
  • Inverter based renewable energy sources
  • Communication delays
  • Data packet loss


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