The second-order velocity structure tensor of weakly anisotropic strong turbulence is decomposed into its SO(3) invariant amplitudes dj(r). Their scaling is derived within a scaling approximation of a variable-scale mean-field theory of the Navier–Stokes equation. In the isotropic sector j = 0 Kolmogorov scaling d0(r) [is proportional to] r2/3 is recovered. The scaling of the higher j amplitudes (j even) depends on the type of the external forcing that maintains the turbulent flow. We consider two options: (i) for an analytic forcing and for decreasing energy input into the sectors with increasing j, the scaling of the higher sectors j > 0 can become as steep as dj(r) [is proportional to] rj+2/3; (ii) for a non-analytic forcing we obtain dj(r) [is proportional to] r4/3 for all non-zero and even j.