Scaling relations in large-Prandtl-number natural thermal convection

Olga Shishkina, Mohammad S. Emran, Siegfried Grossmann, Detlef Lohse

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In this study, we follow Grossmann and Lohse [Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3316 (2001)10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.3316], who derived various scalings regimes for the dependence of the Nusselt number Nu and the Reynolds number Re on the Rayleigh number Ra and the Prandtl number Pr. We focus on theoretical arguments as well as on numerical simulations for the case of large-Pr natural thermal convection. Based on an analysis of self-similarity of the boundary layer equations, we derive that in this case the limiting large-Pr boundary-layer dominated regime is I<, introduced and defined by Grossmann and Lohse [Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3316 (2001)10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.3316], with the scaling relations Nu∼Pr0Ra1/3 and Re∼Pr-1Ra2/3. Our direct numerical simulations for Ra from 104 to 109 and Pr from 0.1 to 200 show that the regime I< is almost indistinguishable from the regime III, where the kinetic dissipation is bulk-dominated. With increasing Ra, the scaling relations undergo a transition to those in IVu of Grossmann and Lohse [Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3316 (2001)10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.3316], where the thermal dissipation is determined by its bulk contribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103502
JournalPhysical review fluids
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


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