Scanning electron microscopic, transmission electron microscopic, and confocal laser scanning microscopic observation of fibroblasts cultured on microgrooved surfaces of bulk titanium substrata

E.T. den Braber, Henricus V. Jansen, Meint J. de Boer, H.J.E. Croes, Michael Curt Elwenspoek, L.A. Ginsel, J.A. Jansen

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    During this study, microtechnology and plasma etching were used to produce gratings 1.0 (TiD01), 2.0 (TiD02), 5.0 (TiD05), and 10.0 µm wide (TiD10) into commercially pure titanium wafers. After incubation of rat dermal fibroblast (RDFs) on these surfaces for 3 days, the cells were observed with scanning electron (SEM), transmission electron (TEM), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Results showed that the RDFs as a whole and their stress fibers oriented strictly parallel to the surface pattern on the TiD01 and TiD02 surfaces. On the TiD05 and TiD10 surfaces, this orientation was not observed. In addition, TEM and CLSM demonstrated that the focal adhesion points (FAP) were located mainly on the surface pattern ridges. TEM revealed that FAP were wrapped occasionally around the edges of the ridges. Only the RDFs on both the TiD05 and TiD10 surfaces protruded into the grooves and possessed FAP on the walls of the grooves. Attachment to the groove floor was observed only on the TiD10 textures. Comparison of these results with earlier observations on micro-textured silicone rubber substrata suggests that material-specific properties do not influence the orientational effect of the surface texture on the observed RDF cellular behavior. The proliferation rate of the RDFs, however, seems to be much higher on titanium than on silicone rubber substrata.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)425-433
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of biomedical materials research
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 1998


    • METIS-111677
    • IR-14570
    • EWI-13371

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