Shame, conflict and health ¿ the Antigone as paradigm.Shame or avoidance of shame are two possible reactions to unexpected negative exposure in front of another person. In particular public exposure, as in court, politics, or other public arena¿s, often culminates in destructive conflicts. According to the sociologist Scheff, such conflicts are caused by bypassed shame. Empirical support is found in research of attachment and destructive behavior. In this article Sophocles¿ tragedy Antigone is presented as a paradigm of evidence by empirical experiences over many ages of this relation between shame and conflict. The conflict between the two dramatis personae, Antigone and King Kreon, is characterized by their inflexible points of view. Or, in psychological terms, by their autism and narcissism. The paradigmatic use of Greek tragedy in this article is meant as a support of Bruner¿s argument for a narrative approach in academic psychology, though in conjunction with empirical resrarch. It is also meant as a paradigm of applied psychology, by (what Aristoteles has called ) its kathartic, healing function.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|