Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization

W.A.P. van Kleunen, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul J.M. Havinga

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this article we introduce a MAC protocol designed for underwater localization and time-synchronisation. The MAC protocol assumes a network of static reference nodes and allows blind nodes to be localized by listening-only to the beacon messages. Such a system is known to be very scalable. We show localization and time-synchronization algorithms can be designed for listen-only blind nodes by adapting the equations from GPS. We extend the set of GPS equations with angular information to reduce the number of beacons a blind node has to receive before it can determine its position. We evaluate scheduled and unscheduled communication for sending reference-beacon message using simulation mechanisms. Our experimental results show that when energy-consumption of the beacons is of concern or when the modulation rate is low (≤ 1kbps), scheduled communication is preferred. For systems which are not concerned with the energy-consumption of the beacons, unscheduled communication delivers more messages to the blind-nodes and localization and time-synchronization are performed faster in case of high modulation rates (5kbps and 10kbps).
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationThe Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet)
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Pages6:1-6:5
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-1151-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherACM

    Keywords

    • METIS-281649
    • EWI-21011
    • IR-78971

    Cite this

    van Kleunen, W. A. P., Meratnia, N., & Havinga, P. J. M. (2011). Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization. In The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet) (pp. 6:1-6:5). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/2076569.2076575
    van Kleunen, W.A.P. ; Meratnia, Nirvana ; Havinga, Paul J.M. / Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization. The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet). New York : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011. pp. 6:1-6:5
    @inproceedings{982572254f7d436a8650255254ddb4ac,
    title = "Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization",
    abstract = "In this article we introduce a MAC protocol designed for underwater localization and time-synchronisation. The MAC protocol assumes a network of static reference nodes and allows blind nodes to be localized by listening-only to the beacon messages. Such a system is known to be very scalable. We show localization and time-synchronization algorithms can be designed for listen-only blind nodes by adapting the equations from GPS. We extend the set of GPS equations with angular information to reduce the number of beacons a blind node has to receive before it can determine its position. We evaluate scheduled and unscheduled communication for sending reference-beacon message using simulation mechanisms. Our experimental results show that when energy-consumption of the beacons is of concern or when the modulation rate is low (≤ 1kbps), scheduled communication is preferred. For systems which are not concerned with the energy-consumption of the beacons, unscheduled communication delivers more messages to the blind-nodes and localization and time-synchronization are performed faster in case of high modulation rates (5kbps and 10kbps).",
    keywords = "METIS-281649, EWI-21011, IR-78971",
    author = "{van Kleunen}, W.A.P. and Nirvana Meratnia and Havinga, {Paul J.M.}",
    note = "10.1145/2076569.2076575",
    year = "2011",
    month = "12",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1145/2076569.2076575",
    language = "Undefined",
    isbn = "978-1-4503-1151-9",
    publisher = "Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)",
    pages = "6:1--6:5",
    booktitle = "The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet)",
    address = "United States",

    }

    van Kleunen, WAP, Meratnia, N & Havinga, PJM 2011, Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization. in The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet). Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), New York, pp. 6:1-6:5. https://doi.org/10.1145/2076569.2076575

    Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization. / van Kleunen, W.A.P.; Meratnia, Nirvana; Havinga, Paul J.M.

    The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet). New York : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011. p. 6:1-6:5.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization

    AU - van Kleunen, W.A.P.

    AU - Meratnia, Nirvana

    AU - Havinga, Paul J.M.

    N1 - 10.1145/2076569.2076575

    PY - 2011/12/1

    Y1 - 2011/12/1

    N2 - In this article we introduce a MAC protocol designed for underwater localization and time-synchronisation. The MAC protocol assumes a network of static reference nodes and allows blind nodes to be localized by listening-only to the beacon messages. Such a system is known to be very scalable. We show localization and time-synchronization algorithms can be designed for listen-only blind nodes by adapting the equations from GPS. We extend the set of GPS equations with angular information to reduce the number of beacons a blind node has to receive before it can determine its position. We evaluate scheduled and unscheduled communication for sending reference-beacon message using simulation mechanisms. Our experimental results show that when energy-consumption of the beacons is of concern or when the modulation rate is low (≤ 1kbps), scheduled communication is preferred. For systems which are not concerned with the energy-consumption of the beacons, unscheduled communication delivers more messages to the blind-nodes and localization and time-synchronization are performed faster in case of high modulation rates (5kbps and 10kbps).

    AB - In this article we introduce a MAC protocol designed for underwater localization and time-synchronisation. The MAC protocol assumes a network of static reference nodes and allows blind nodes to be localized by listening-only to the beacon messages. Such a system is known to be very scalable. We show localization and time-synchronization algorithms can be designed for listen-only blind nodes by adapting the equations from GPS. We extend the set of GPS equations with angular information to reduce the number of beacons a blind node has to receive before it can determine its position. We evaluate scheduled and unscheduled communication for sending reference-beacon message using simulation mechanisms. Our experimental results show that when energy-consumption of the beacons is of concern or when the modulation rate is low (≤ 1kbps), scheduled communication is preferred. For systems which are not concerned with the energy-consumption of the beacons, unscheduled communication delivers more messages to the blind-nodes and localization and time-synchronization are performed faster in case of high modulation rates (5kbps and 10kbps).

    KW - METIS-281649

    KW - EWI-21011

    KW - IR-78971

    U2 - 10.1145/2076569.2076575

    DO - 10.1145/2076569.2076575

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SN - 978-1-4503-1151-9

    SP - 6:1-6:5

    BT - The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet)

    PB - Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)

    CY - New York

    ER -

    van Kleunen WAP, Meratnia N, Havinga PJM. Scheduled MAC in Beacon Overlay Networks for Underwater Localization and Time-Synchronization. In The Sixth ACM International Workshop on Underwater Networks (WUWNet). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 2011. p. 6:1-6:5 https://doi.org/10.1145/2076569.2076575