The article cites a study that offers information on the variability of sand wave characteristics in the North Sea. The sand waves variability includes a statement that pipelines may start vibrating due to turbulence generated under the free span and navigational channels often need to be dredged for ships to pass safely. The study used multi-beam measurement of three fields in the North Sea in which sand waves occur. Moreover, the study concludes that understanding the variability of sand waves can help determine the optimal depth of a pipeline trench.
|Journal||Pipeline and gas journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|