Floods and associated landslides account for a large number of natural disasters and affect many people wherever they occur. Sediment-free floods are rare, and in most cases, floods carry notable amount of sediments. Mass movement processes also transport a huge amount of sediments within a short period. The mobilized sediments cause significant costs and damages as soon as they reach urban or rural environments. These damages and costs include (but are not limited to) cleaning or dredging cost, damage to contents of buildings (e.g. furniture, electric appliances, etc.), and blockage of drainage and sewer systems which get filled up with sediments. Dominica is significantly vulnerable to tropical storms and hurricanes. It is a mountainous island covered by tropical rainforests and located about halfway between the French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Eastern Caribbean sea. Hurricane Maria made landfall on this island on September 18th, 2017 and it heavily impacted the housing, transport infrastructure, tourism, agriculture, and education sectors. The intense rainfall caused flash floods, landslides, and debris flows resulting in a massive amount of sediments being deposited in urban and rural areas. The overall damages and losses are estimated at approximately USD 1.3 billion. Dominica’s Ministry of Public Works reported that the total cost related to deposition of sediments (e.g. dredging rivers, cleaning streets and main roads, and clearing of airports and seaports) exceeds USD 92 million which is a considerable portion of total damages and costs. This implies the significance of the risk imposed by sediment deposition. This study aims to achieve a reliable sediment deposition quantification which is useful for assessing the risk of such events. Three methods were proposed for this purpose. First, the sediment deposition height was determined in the field. Second, deposition surface was simulated using trend interpolation and DEM was subtracted from that to get deposition height. Third, the deposition height and extent were determined by calculating the difference in elevation using pre- and post-event drone and LiDAR flights. The results were compared with each other and the findings of in-situ investigations of deposition. They indicate similar deposition heights and volumes, however, the pattern and extent of deposition are not the same. The practicality of the third method depends on the availability of data, but when data is available its outcomes provide a reliable assessment of sediment deposition volume. However, this cannot be trusted unless an in-situ investigation is performed.
|Number of pages||30|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Mar 2020|
|Event||Netherlands Earth Sciences Conference 2020 - Van der Valk Hotel, Utrecht, Netherlands|
Duration: 12 Mar 2020 → 13 Mar 2020
|Conference||Netherlands Earth Sciences Conference 2020|
|Abbreviated title||NAC 2020|
|Period||12/03/20 → 13/03/20|