Segmented copolymers with monodisperse crystallizable hard segments: novel semi-crystalline materials

R.J. Gaymans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Segmented block copolymers with short monodisperse crystallizable hard segments have interesting structures and properties. In the melt, such short monodisperse segments are miscible with the matrix segments. Moreover, upon cooling, they crystallize fast, demonstrating a very high crystallinity, and only a small crystallization window is needed. The melting temperature of the short segments is high, provided that they can H-bond and/or contain aromatic groups. The melting temperature was found to decrease with increasing matrix segment concentration, due to the solvent effect of the matrix segments. At concentrations of crystallizable segment of 4–35 wt%, good dimensional and solvent stabilities were obtained. The monodisperse segments crystallized into nano-ribbons with uniform thickness and high aspect ratio, and these dispersed nano-ribbon crystallites constituted physical crosslinks, while acting also as reinforcing fillers. At concentrations of the monodisperse segments below 20 wt% no spherulitic ordering took place, and the semi-crystalline polymers were transparent. The monodisperse crystallizable segments can be used in combination with matrix segments of either low or high glass transition temperature, and may even contain (bio)functional units.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-748
JournalProgress in polymer science
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Melting point
copolymers
Copolymers
Crystalline materials
Crystallization
Crystallites
Block copolymers
Fillers
Aspect ratio
Polymers
Cooling
matrices
ribbons
melting
dimensional stability
high aspect ratio
block copolymers
fillers
glass transition temperature
crystallites

Keywords

  • IR-104536
  • METIS-286414

Cite this

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abstract = "Segmented block copolymers with short monodisperse crystallizable hard segments have interesting structures and properties. In the melt, such short monodisperse segments are miscible with the matrix segments. Moreover, upon cooling, they crystallize fast, demonstrating a very high crystallinity, and only a small crystallization window is needed. The melting temperature of the short segments is high, provided that they can H-bond and/or contain aromatic groups. The melting temperature was found to decrease with increasing matrix segment concentration, due to the solvent effect of the matrix segments. At concentrations of crystallizable segment of 4–35 wt{\%}, good dimensional and solvent stabilities were obtained. The monodisperse segments crystallized into nano-ribbons with uniform thickness and high aspect ratio, and these dispersed nano-ribbon crystallites constituted physical crosslinks, while acting also as reinforcing fillers. At concentrations of the monodisperse segments below 20 wt{\%} no spherulitic ordering took place, and the semi-crystalline polymers were transparent. The monodisperse crystallizable segments can be used in combination with matrix segments of either low or high glass transition temperature, and may even contain (bio)functional units.",
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Segmented copolymers with monodisperse crystallizable hard segments: novel semi-crystalline materials. / Gaymans, R.J.

In: Progress in polymer science, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2011, p. 713-748.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Segmented copolymers with monodisperse crystallizable hard segments: novel semi-crystalline materials

AU - Gaymans, R.J.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Segmented block copolymers with short monodisperse crystallizable hard segments have interesting structures and properties. In the melt, such short monodisperse segments are miscible with the matrix segments. Moreover, upon cooling, they crystallize fast, demonstrating a very high crystallinity, and only a small crystallization window is needed. The melting temperature of the short segments is high, provided that they can H-bond and/or contain aromatic groups. The melting temperature was found to decrease with increasing matrix segment concentration, due to the solvent effect of the matrix segments. At concentrations of crystallizable segment of 4–35 wt%, good dimensional and solvent stabilities were obtained. The monodisperse segments crystallized into nano-ribbons with uniform thickness and high aspect ratio, and these dispersed nano-ribbon crystallites constituted physical crosslinks, while acting also as reinforcing fillers. At concentrations of the monodisperse segments below 20 wt% no spherulitic ordering took place, and the semi-crystalline polymers were transparent. The monodisperse crystallizable segments can be used in combination with matrix segments of either low or high glass transition temperature, and may even contain (bio)functional units.

AB - Segmented block copolymers with short monodisperse crystallizable hard segments have interesting structures and properties. In the melt, such short monodisperse segments are miscible with the matrix segments. Moreover, upon cooling, they crystallize fast, demonstrating a very high crystallinity, and only a small crystallization window is needed. The melting temperature of the short segments is high, provided that they can H-bond and/or contain aromatic groups. The melting temperature was found to decrease with increasing matrix segment concentration, due to the solvent effect of the matrix segments. At concentrations of crystallizable segment of 4–35 wt%, good dimensional and solvent stabilities were obtained. The monodisperse segments crystallized into nano-ribbons with uniform thickness and high aspect ratio, and these dispersed nano-ribbon crystallites constituted physical crosslinks, while acting also as reinforcing fillers. At concentrations of the monodisperse segments below 20 wt% no spherulitic ordering took place, and the semi-crystalline polymers were transparent. The monodisperse crystallizable segments can be used in combination with matrix segments of either low or high glass transition temperature, and may even contain (bio)functional units.

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