Segregation in dense gas-fluidised beds: Validation of a multi-fluid continuum model with non-intrusive digital image analysis measurements.

M.J.V. Goldschmidt, J.A.M. Kuipers, Willibrordus Petrus Maria van Swaaij

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A non-intrusive digital image analyses technique is applied to study size driven segregation of a binary mixture of coloured glass beads in a bubbling gas-fluidised bed. Segregation rates and patterns obtained from experiments are compared to numerical simulations performed with a two-dimensional multi-fluid Eulerian model, that uses closure laws according to the kinetic theory of granular flow. It is demonstrated that prediction of segregation is a rather severe test case for fundamental hydrodynamic models, since bubble dynamics and momentum transfer between particles of different classes have to be modelled correctly. At all gas velocities segregation rates predicted by the multi-fluid model were much higher than those observed in experiments. At gas velocities higher than the minimum fluidisation velocity of the largest particles the model still predicts segregation, when it does not occur in experiments. It is concluded that the predicted intensity of bubbling is too low, since energy dissipation by particleparticle interaction is still underestimated in the applied kinetic theory closure model.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 10th Engineering Foundation Conference on Fluidzation, Beijing, China.
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2001
Event10th Engineering Foundation Conference on Fluidization, FLUIDIZATION X - Beijing, China
Duration: 20 May 200125 May 2001


Conference10th Engineering Foundation Conference on Fluidization, FLUIDIZATION X
OtherMay 20-25, 2001


  • IR-37288
  • METIS-204434

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