Segregation in dissolving binary-component sessile droplets

E. Dietrich, M. Rump, Pengyu Lyu, Ernst S. Kooij, Henricus J.W. Zandvliet, Detlef Lohse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dissolution of a single droplet, containing a mixture of oils, in water is experimentally studied. The oils in the droplet varied in terms of their solubility in water and their hydrophobicity. We demonstrate that the polarity of the droplet constituents strongly influences the dissolution dynamics. A binary-component droplet, containing two polar components (one soluble the other insoluble) exhibits a retarded dissolution as compared to a droplet containing only the soluble component. We argue that in this case the mixture in the droplet can be assumed homogeneous, leading to a smaller effective contact area of the soluble liquid in the droplet with the bulk water, and thus delayed dissolution. On the other hand, it is shown that this is not the case when a polar, soluble component is mixed with an insoluble non-polar component, in which case segregation between the different liquids inside the droplet occurs, leading to Marangoni flows and superspreading of the droplet. The segregation is confirmed by volumetric measurements and by the use of a solvatochromic dye in combination with confocal microscopy, which clearly showed that during dissolution local concentration differences inside the droplet developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-369
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of fluid mechanics
Volume812
Early online date28 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

dissolving
Dissolution
oils
water
hydrophobicity
liquids
polarity
solubility
dyes
microscopy
Water
Confocal microscopy
Liquids
Hydrophobicity
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Dyes
Solubility

Keywords

  • convection
  • drops and bubbles
  • plumes/thermals
  • IR-103313
  • METIS-319979

Cite this

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title = "Segregation in dissolving binary-component sessile droplets",
abstract = "The dissolution of a single droplet, containing a mixture of oils, in water is experimentally studied. The oils in the droplet varied in terms of their solubility in water and their hydrophobicity. We demonstrate that the polarity of the droplet constituents strongly influences the dissolution dynamics. A binary-component droplet, containing two polar components (one soluble the other insoluble) exhibits a retarded dissolution as compared to a droplet containing only the soluble component. We argue that in this case the mixture in the droplet can be assumed homogeneous, leading to a smaller effective contact area of the soluble liquid in the droplet with the bulk water, and thus delayed dissolution. On the other hand, it is shown that this is not the case when a polar, soluble component is mixed with an insoluble non-polar component, in which case segregation between the different liquids inside the droplet occurs, leading to Marangoni flows and superspreading of the droplet. The segregation is confirmed by volumetric measurements and by the use of a solvatochromic dye in combination with confocal microscopy, which clearly showed that during dissolution local concentration differences inside the droplet developed.",
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Segregation in dissolving binary-component sessile droplets. / Dietrich, E.; Rump, M.; Lyu, Pengyu; Kooij, Ernst S.; Zandvliet, Henricus J.W.; Lohse, Detlef.

In: Journal of fluid mechanics, Vol. 812, 10.02.2017, p. 349-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Dietrich, E.

AU - Rump, M.

AU - Lyu, Pengyu

AU - Kooij, Ernst S.

AU - Zandvliet, Henricus J.W.

AU - Lohse, Detlef

PY - 2017/2/10

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N2 - The dissolution of a single droplet, containing a mixture of oils, in water is experimentally studied. The oils in the droplet varied in terms of their solubility in water and their hydrophobicity. We demonstrate that the polarity of the droplet constituents strongly influences the dissolution dynamics. A binary-component droplet, containing two polar components (one soluble the other insoluble) exhibits a retarded dissolution as compared to a droplet containing only the soluble component. We argue that in this case the mixture in the droplet can be assumed homogeneous, leading to a smaller effective contact area of the soluble liquid in the droplet with the bulk water, and thus delayed dissolution. On the other hand, it is shown that this is not the case when a polar, soluble component is mixed with an insoluble non-polar component, in which case segregation between the different liquids inside the droplet occurs, leading to Marangoni flows and superspreading of the droplet. The segregation is confirmed by volumetric measurements and by the use of a solvatochromic dye in combination with confocal microscopy, which clearly showed that during dissolution local concentration differences inside the droplet developed.

AB - The dissolution of a single droplet, containing a mixture of oils, in water is experimentally studied. The oils in the droplet varied in terms of their solubility in water and their hydrophobicity. We demonstrate that the polarity of the droplet constituents strongly influences the dissolution dynamics. A binary-component droplet, containing two polar components (one soluble the other insoluble) exhibits a retarded dissolution as compared to a droplet containing only the soluble component. We argue that in this case the mixture in the droplet can be assumed homogeneous, leading to a smaller effective contact area of the soluble liquid in the droplet with the bulk water, and thus delayed dissolution. On the other hand, it is shown that this is not the case when a polar, soluble component is mixed with an insoluble non-polar component, in which case segregation between the different liquids inside the droplet occurs, leading to Marangoni flows and superspreading of the droplet. The segregation is confirmed by volumetric measurements and by the use of a solvatochromic dye in combination with confocal microscopy, which clearly showed that during dissolution local concentration differences inside the droplet developed.

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